Mensch und Gesellschaft 197 photos

Parentcategory

Chaim Eisenberg,Chief Rabbi,in the Vienna synagogue.   
Portrait by Erich Lessing

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Chaim Eisenberg,Chief Rabbi,in the Vienna synagogue. Portrait by Erich Lessin...
Le General de Gaulle et le Gouverneur General          
Felix Eboue,Brazzaville,Congo,Jan.1944                 
General de Gaulle and General Felix Eboue,Brazzaville, 
Congo, January 1944.

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Le General de Gaulle et le Gouverneur General Felix Eboue,Brazzaville,...
De gauche a droite:Le General de Larminat,le           
Commandant Colonna d'Ornano,Brazzaville,Aout 1940.     
From left to right:General Larminat,Commander Colonna  
d'Ornano at Brazzaville,August 1940.

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De gauche a droite:Le General de Larminat,le Commandant Colonna d'Orn...
Centenaire du Gabon a Libreville,Juin 1950.De droit a  
gauche:Jacques Fourcade,President de l'Assemblee de    
l'Union Francaise,sa femme,Pierre Pelieu,Gouverneur    
du Gabon, inconnu,Francois Reste,ancien Gouverneur     
General de l'AEF(en habit).100-year jubilee of Gabon.

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Centenaire du Gabon a Libreville,Juin 1950.De droit a gauche:Jacques Fourcade,...
Mme.Eboue,femme du Gouverneur General Du Congo,        
Brazzaville,1944.

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Mme.Eboue,femme du Gouverneur General Du Congo, Brazzaville,1944.
Membres d'une tribu Africaine,Gabon,1941               
Members of an African tribe,Gabon,1941

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Membres d'une tribu Africaine,Gabon,1941 Members of an African tr...
Deposition d'un pierre pendant une messe.
Un eveque.Libreville,Gabon 1950
Laying a stone during mass,Libreville,Gabon,1950.

#41010026

Deposition d'un pierre pendant une messe. Un eveque.Libreville,Gabon 1950 Layi...
Salztor-Bridge across the Danube Canal,Vienna.The signboard says:"Exit from the Russian Zone"; the monument at left reminds passers-by that "this bridge was destroyed by German Fascists in 1945 and rebuilt upon orders of  Soviet Marshal Koniew.." Vienna,1947

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Salztor-Bridge across the Danube Canal,Vienna.The signboard says:"Exit from the...
Housewives buy meat at a farmers' market. In 1947, with little food to be had officially, there was a thriving black market between the hungry city-dwellers and the slightly better-off farmers.
Vienna, 1947

#470101 5

Housewives buy meat at a farmers' market. In 1947, with little food to be had of...
A man feeds sparrows in front of graves of Soviet
soldiers who died during the battle of Vienna in
April 1945. In the background the Vienna City-hall.

Vienna,1947

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A man feeds sparrows in front of graves of Soviet soldiers who died during the b...
Unemployed Viennese waiting to be registered and to receive unemployment benefits.
Vienna,1947

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Unemployed Viennese waiting to be registered and to receive unemployment benefit...
Unemployed Viennese waiting for registration and unemployment benefits.
Vienna, 1947

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Unemployed Viennese waiting for registration and unemployment benefits. Vienna,...
Peace returns to war-damaged Vienna:the opening waltz
in Vienna's "Musikverein" concert hall.
Vienna, 1947

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Peace returns to war-damaged Vienna:the opening waltz in Vienna's "Musikverein"...
A rare fraternization: Soviet and US-soldiers gathered around a camera in Vienna's Prater park.    
Vienna, 1947

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A rare fraternization: Soviet and US-soldiers gathered around a camera in Vienna...
The deathmask is taken of composer Franz Lehar         
(1870-1948) on his deathbed in his villa in Ischl,     
Austria.

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The deathmask is taken of composer Franz Lehar (1870-1948) on his death...
Four years after the end of World War II,Austrian      
prisoners of war return from POW-camps in the Soviet   
Union. Vienna,1949

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Four years after the end of World War II,Austrian prisoners of war return...
After World War II, Vienna was divided between the four occupation forces, US, British, French and Soviet Russian. Joint military patrols formed the "Four in a Jeep".
Roll-call before another tour of duty.
Vienna, 1947

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After World War II, Vienna was divided between the four occupation forces, US, B...
Four years after the end of World War II,Austrian      
prisoners of war return from POW-camps in the Soviet   
Union. Vienna,1947

#49060449

Four years after the end of World War II,Austrian prisoners of war return...
Avalanche hits Heilgenblut,Austria

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Avalanche hits Heilgenblut,Austria
Children in a refugee center in Uelzen, West Germany.   
Iin 1951 West Germany admitted 9.5 million refugees, mostly from East Germany, a great burden on the struggling economy.          
Uelzen, 1951.

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Children in a refugee center in Uelzen, West Germany. Iin 1951 West Germany...
Refugees sharing a meal  in a refugee center in Uelzen, West Germany.
In 1951 West Germany admitted 9.5 million refugees, mostly from East Germany, a great burden on the struggling economy.          
Uelzen, 1951.

#51010239

Refugees sharing a meal in a refugee center in Uelzen, West Germany. In 1951 W...
Three miners of the Helene mine in Altenessen have
a morning beer and discussion in their favourite pub.
Fritz Jansen,center,in checkered shirt,was one of the
leaders of the miners' revolt who prevented the SS from
blowing up the mine at the end of the war.
Altenessen,1951.

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Three miners of the Helene mine in Altenessen have a morning beer and discussio...
Members of a Social-democratic Youth Group making music.  
West Germany, 1951

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Members of a Social-democratic Youth Group making music. West Germany, 1951
Members of a Social-democratic Youth Group making      
music. West Germany, 1951

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Members of a Social-democratic Youth Group making music. West Germany, 19...
Shops in West German towns carry goods which have not been available since before the war; the foodstamp system has been abandoned.

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Shops in West German towns carry goods which have not been available since befor...
Members of a Social-democratic Youth Group making music. 
West Germany, 1951

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Members of a Social-democratic Youth Group making music. West Germany, 1951
Members of a conservative student fraternity, with their traditional caps and mugs of beer.               
Berlin, 1951

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Members of a conservative student fraternity, with their traditional caps and mu...
Gambling on the Reeperbahn, Hamburg's red-light district.

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Gambling on the Reeperbahn, Hamburg's red-light district.
Transvestites in a bar on the Reeperbahn, Hamburg's red-light district.

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Transvestites in a bar on the Reeperbahn, Hamburg's red-light district.
German emigrants boarding a ship in Bremerhaven. Immediately
after the war, DP's (displaced persons) were given priority. In 1951 the first Germans could emigrate, mostly farmers or technicians.                         Bremerhaven, 1951

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German emigrants boarding a ship in Bremerhaven. Immediately after the war, DP'...
The border between East and West Berlin before the Berlin Wall was built in 1961. Children play on the fence which separates East and West.                   
Berlin, 1951

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The border between East and West Berlin before the Berlin Wall was built in 1961...
The border between East and West Berlin before the Berlin Wall was built in 1961. Children play on the fence which separates East and West.                   
Berlin, 1951

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The border between East and West Berlin before the Berlin Wall was built in 1961...
A war invalid has converted his tricycle into a mobile shop and sells cigarettes and other black-market goods. 
West Berlin, 1951.

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A war invalid has converted his tricycle into a mobile shop and sells cigarettes...
Torchlight parade of the Social-democratic Youth Organization through Hannover's main street on the evening of May 1st. In 1951, there were about 100.000 organized young socialists in West Germany.

#51013410

Torchlight parade of the Social-democratic Youth Organization through Hannover's...
German emigrants boarding a ship in Bremerhaven. Immediately
after the war, DPs(displaced persons) were given priority. In 1951 the first Germans to emigrate were mostly farmers or technicians.              Bremerhaven, 1951

#51013632A

German emigrants boarding a ship in Bremerhaven. Immediately after the war, DPs...
A unit of the newly formed West German Borderguards, a paramilitary organisation, in front of the Federal Chancellery in Bonn.                                   
Bonn, 1951

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A unit of the newly formed West German Borderguards, a paramilitary organisation...
Before the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961, an elderly woman leaves the Soviet sector of Berlin carrying her meager possessions.
Berlin, 1951

#510138 9

Before the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961, an elderly woman leaves the...
Before the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961, an elderly woman leaves the Soviet sector of Berlin carrying her meager possessions.
Berlin, 1951

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Before the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961, an elderly woman leaves the...
Before the Berlin Wall was built in 1961, an elderly woman leaves the Soviet sector of Berlin, carrying her meager possessions. Signboard in background says "You are now leaving the US-sector".         Berlin, 1951

#51013817

Before the Berlin Wall was built in 1961, an elderly woman leaves the Soviet sec...
Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika Korps", Fieldmarshal Rommel's elite army in North Africa. The missing father and son generation. A boy wears his dead father's medals.                              
Iserlohn, West Germany, 1951

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Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika Korps", Fieldmarshal Rommel's elit...
A memorial meeting for the Jewish victims in Dachau concentration camp is held in front of a menorah and the Star of David, Jewish symbols.                      
Dachau, West Germany, 1951

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A memorial meeting for the Jewish victims in Dachau concentration camp is held i...
"Strike for 14% as of May 1st" is scrawled on the wall of a drab street in the Ruhr.

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"Strike for 14% as of May 1st" is scrawled on the wall of a drab street in the R...
Ruins reflected in a newly opened shop in Berlin, Tauentzinstrasse.                                      
Berlin, 1951

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Ruins reflected in a newly opened shop in Berlin, Tauentzinstrasse....
Children collecting scrap metal in a bombed-out area in West Berlin, 1951.

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Children collecting scrap metal in a bombed-out area in West Berlin, 1951.
West German policeman talking to the driver of an F 125 I built by the Kleinschnittger-Werke in Arnsberg in Westphalia. 
Bonn, 1951

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West German policeman talking to the driver of an F 125 I built by the Kleinschn...
A rally of the "Goslar Jäger", an infantry regiment, a reunion attended by thousands of veterans and their families.                                              
Goslar, 1951

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A rally of the "Goslar Jäger", an infantry regiment, a reunion attended by thous...
Change of shift:workers leaving the steelworks in      
Duisburg,West-Germany,1951

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Change of shift:workers leaving the steelworks in Duisburg,West-Germany,19...
People live in the ruins of bombed houses.         
Duesseldorf, West Germany, 1951.

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People live in the ruins of bombed houses. Duesseldorf, West Germany,...
People live in the ruins of bombed-out houses.
Duesseldorf, West Germany, 1951.

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People live in the ruins of bombed-out houses. Duesseldorf, West Germany, 1951.
A worker watching the blast furnace of the Dortmund-Hoerde steel plant. The entire plant employed a total of 18000 workers in 1951.                             
Dortmund, 1951

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A worker watching the blast furnace of the Dortmund-Hoerde steel plant. The enti...
A worker watching the blast furnace of the Dortmund-Hoerde steel plant. The entire plant employed a total of 18000 workers in 1951.                            
Dortmund, 1951

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A worker watching the blast furnace of the Dortmund-Hoerde steel plant. The enti...
Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at home, incense burnt in stables, and "Looking for shelter", a nativity play.            
Midnight mass in the Gothic church of Wagrain, 1951.

#51020117A

Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at...
Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at home, incense burnt in stables, and "Looking for shelter", a nativity play.            
Midnight mass in the Gothic church of Wagrain, 1951.

#51020118A

Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at...
Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at home, incense burnt in stables, and "Looking for shelter", a nativity play.            
Morning mass on Christmas day in Wagrain, 1951.

#510202 4A

Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at...
Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at home, incense burnt in stables, and "Looking for shelter", a nativity play.            
Morning mass on Christmas day in Wagrain, 1951.

#510202 9

Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at...
Christmas in Austria:On Christmas morning,school-      
children in Wagrain sing at the grave of Josef Mohr,   
parish priest in Wagrain who wrote the world-famous    
Christmas song:"Silent night,Holy night.."             
Wagrain,Salzburg,1951.

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Christmas in Austria:On Christmas morning,school- children in Wagrain sing...
Christmas in Austria: On Christmas morning, children in Wagrain sing at the grave of Josef Mohr, parish priest in Wagrain who wrote the world-famous Christmas song:"Silent night".             
Wagrain, Salzburg, Austria, 1951.

#51020239

Christmas in Austria: On Christmas morning, children in Wagrain sing at the grav...
Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at home, incense burnt in stables, and "Looking for shelter", a nativity play.            
Christmas eve in a farmhouse in Wagrain,1951

#51020314

Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at...
Christmas in Austria is celebrated with mass,prayer and
a Christmas-tree at home,incense burnt in the stables, 
and "Looking for shelter":two villagers,acting Mary and
Joseph, walk from house to house and are given cake    
and drinks. Christmas eve in a farm in Wagrain,1951

#51020320

Christmas in Austria is celebrated with mass,prayer and a Christmas-tree at home...
Traditional Christmas celebrations in Austria include mass, prayer and a Christmas tree at home, incense burning in the stables, and "Looking for Shelter": two villagers, acting Mary and Joseph, walk from house to house and are given cake and drinks. 

Christmas eve at a farm in Wagrain, 1951

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Traditional Christmas celebrations in Austria include mass, prayer and a Christm...
Christmas in Austria is celebrated with Midnight Mass, 
prayer,a Christmas-tree at home and incense burnt in   
the stables.Wagrain,Austria,1951.

#51020531

Christmas in Austria is celebrated with Midnight Mass, prayer,a Christmas-tree...
Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at home, incense burnt in stables, and "Looking for shelter", a nativity play.            
Midnight mass in Wagrain, 1951.

#51020617

Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at...
Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at home, incense burnt in stables, and "Looking for shelter", a nativity play.            
Midnight mass in Wagrain, 1951.

#51020623

Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at...
Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at home, incense burnt in stables, and "Looking for shelter", a nativity play.            
Lighting candles in the cemetery. 
Wagrain, 1951.

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Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at...
Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at home, incense burnt in stables, and "Looking for shelter", a nativity play.            
Musicians play at morning mass on Christmas day in the village of Wagrain.

#51020632

Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at...
Christmas in Austria is celebrated with mass,prayer and
a Christmas-tree at home,incense burnt in the stables, 
and "Looking for shelter":two villagers,acting Mary and
Joseph, walk from house to house and are given cake    
and drinks. Christmas eve in a farm in Wagrain,1951

#51020721

Christmas in Austria is celebrated with mass,prayer and a Christmas-tree at home...
Christmas in Austria is celebrated with mass,prayer and
a Christmas-tree at home,incense burnt in the stables, 
and "Looking for shelter":two villagers,acting Mary and
Joseph, walk from house to house and are given cake    
and drinks. Christmas eve in a farm in Wagrain,1951

#51020733

Christmas in Austria is celebrated with mass,prayer and a Christmas-tree at home...
Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at home, incense burnt in stables, and "Looking for shelter", a nativity play.                                      
On Christmas morning, villagers in Wagrain visit their dead at the cemetery.                                  
1951

#510208 3

Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at...
Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at home, incense burnt in stables, and "Looking for shelter", a nativity play.            
Christmas Eve in Wagrain, 1951.

#510209 3

Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at...
Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at home, incense burnt in stables, and "Looking for shelter", a nativity play.            
Lighting candles at the cemetery on Christmas Eve. 
Wagrain, 1951.

#510209 5

Christmas in Austria is traditionally celebrated with mass, a Christmas tree at...
Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika-Korps",  
Fieldmarshal Rommel's elite troupe,in Iserlohn,West-   
Germany, 1951.Memories of war.

#51040313

Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika-Korps", Fieldmarshal Rommel's el...
Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika-Korps",  
Fieldmarshal Rommel's elite troupe, in Iserlohn, West Germany, 1951. 
General Cruewell (left) and General Beierlein, who capitulated with his tank division still intact, thus saving the small town of Iserlohn.

#51040322

Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika-Korps", Fieldmarshal Rommel's e...
Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika-Korps",  
Fieldmarshal Rommel's elite troupe, in Iserlohn, West Germany, 1951. 
The cinema in Iserlohn was packed with three thousand veterans during a speech by General Cruewell.

#51040325

Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika-Korps", Fieldmarshal Rommel's e...
Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika-Korps",  
Fieldmarshal Rommel's elite troupe, in Iserlohn, West Germany, 1951. 
Beer for the veterans after speeches and ceremonies.
Iserlohn, 1951

#510406 6

Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika-Korps", Fieldmarshal Rommel's e...
Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika-Korps", Fieldmarshal Rommel's elite troupe, in Iserlohn, West Germany. 
Sausage and pea-mash is served in memory of army-grub. 
Iserlohn, 1951

#51040618

Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika-Korps", Fieldmarshal Rommel's elit...
Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika-Korps",  
Fieldmarshal Rommel's elite troupe, in Iserlohn, West Germany, 1951. 
The cinema in Iserlohn was packed with three   
thousand veterans during a speech by General Cruewell.

#51040837

Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika-Korps", Fieldmarshal Rommel's e...
Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika-Korps", Fieldmarshal Rommel's elite troupe, in Iserlohn, West Germany. 
A veteran sleeps it off in an empty beer-garden.
Iserlohn, 1951.

#51040910

Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika-Korps", Fieldmarshal Rommel's elit...
Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika-Korps",  
Fieldmarshal Rommel's elite troupe, in Iserlohn, West Germany, 1951. 
A photo in memory of the meeting: former members of the Afrika-Korps assemble around a car marked "DAK" - Deutsches Afrika-Korps.
Iserlohn, 1951

#51041311

Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika-Korps", Fieldmarshal Rommel's e...
Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika-Korps",  
Fieldmarshal Rommel's elite troupe, in Iserlohn, West Germany, 1951. 
A special welcome was given to "our good Austrians who have not forgotten their German brothers in arms" who had come in Lederhosen and army boots.

#510414 6

Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika-Korps", Fieldmarshal Rommel's e...
Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika-Korps",  
Fieldmarshal Rommel's elite troupe, in Iserlohn, West Germany, 1951. 
During a ceremony at the small cemetery, the catholic divisional priest praised the sacrifice of the soldiers. He was more outspoken than the generals.

#510417 5

Meeting of the veterans of the German "Afrika-Korps", Fieldmarshal Rommel's e...
Ethnic Turks, expelled from Bulgaria, arrive by        
train in Edirne,Turkey,1951. Refugees are vaccinated   
upon their arrival in Edirne.

#51060118A

Ethnic Turks, expelled from Bulgaria, arrive by train in Edirne,Turkey,1...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
Refugees are vaccinated upon their arrival in Edirne.

#51060120

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Refugees are...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Refugees are vaccinated upon their arrival in Edirne.

#51060122A

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Refugees are v...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
Arrival by train.

#510602 3

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Arrival by t...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
Arrival by train.

#510602 5

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Arrival by t...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
Arrival by train.

#51060214

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Arrival by t...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951.      
A little girl stands in line for vaccination.

#510603 5

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. A littl...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
Refugees register at the reception center set up at the train station.

#51060324

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Refugees reg...
Ethnic Turks, expelled from Bulgaria, arrive by        
train in Edirne,Turkey,1951. Refugees register at      
the reception center set up at the railway station.

#51060336

Ethnic Turks, expelled from Bulgaria, arrive by train in Edirne,Turkey,1...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
Refugees waiting to register at the reception center at the Edirne train station.

#510604 1

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Refugees wai...
Ethnic Turks, expelled from Bulgaria, arrive by        
train in Edirne,Turkey,1951. Refugees carrying their   
possessions, among them kitchen stoves.

#510604 7

Ethnic Turks, expelled from Bulgaria, arrive by train in Edirne,Turkey,1...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
After registration, refugees enter the reception center for health checks.

#510605 6

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. After regist...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
A little boy drinks from a traditional jug.

#51060510

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. A little boy...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
Turks from the same Bulgarian village rest in the shade of a tree while waiting to be sent on to their destinations.

#510609 7

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Turks from t...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
These families took the boat across the Sea of Marmara to   
disembark at Dandivma. They would then be resettled in Erdek.

#510610 5

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. These famili...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
A sick woman is carried on a stretcher to the reception center      
for medical attention.

#510611 5

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. A sick woman...
Ethnic Turks, expelled from Bulgaria, arrive by        
train in Edirne,Turkey,1951. A Turkish policeman       
directs the refugees towards the reception center      
at Edirne railway station.

#510612 5

Ethnic Turks, expelled from Bulgaria, arrive by train in Edirne,Turkey,1...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
Young boy carrying provisions.

#510612 6

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Young boy ca...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
A baby is vaccinated upon arrival.

#510613 8

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. A baby is va...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
Boys put their heads together, showing their Turkish skull-caps.

#510615 1

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Boys put the...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
An old man arrives at the reception center.

#510616 8

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. An old man a...
Ethnic Turks,expelled from Bulgaria,arrive in an       
Anatolian village where they will settle after their   
brief stay at the refugee camp in Edirne,Turkey,1951.

#510619 1

Ethnic Turks,expelled from Bulgaria,arrive in an Anatolian village where...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
Refugees being resettled in Erdek after a brief stay at the refugee camp.

#510619 2

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Refugees bei...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
A first rest and meal after arrival.

#510621 5

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. A first rest...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
Arrival by train.

#510623 2

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Arrival by t...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
Arrival by train.

#510623 6

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Arrival by t...
Within a few weeks, some 150.000 ethnic Turks, expelled
from Bulgaria,arrived by train in Edirne,Turkey,1951.

#510623 7

Within a few weeks, some 150.000 ethnic Turks, expelled from Bulgaria,arrived by...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
A sick woman is carried on a stretcher to the reception center      
for medical attention.

#510624 1

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. A sick woman...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
Turkish boys from Bulgaria pass the time playing games. They wear traditional skull caps.

#510625 1

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Turkish boys...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
Refugees wait to be resettled in Turkey. In the meantime, laundry dries on the wire surrounding the temporary camp.

#510625 7

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Refugees wai...
Journalist Traudl Lessing looking into a mosque.

#510626 4

Journalist Traudl Lessing looking into a mosque.
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
Unloading what possessions they could bring from their old homes.

#510627 4

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Unloading wh...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
Women and children waiting to be vaccinated at the reception center.

#510630 8

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Women and ch...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
Arrival by train.

#510632 4

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Arrival by t...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
Women in traditional trousers wait to be vaccinated.

#510633 1

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Women in tra...
Refugees, ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria, arrive  
at Edirne railway station, Turkey. Mother washing      
her baby. Edirne,Turkey, 1951

#510634 9

Refugees, ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria, arrive at Edirne railway statio...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
The outdoor registration center at the train station.

#510637 1

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. The outdoor...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
An old farmer registering at the reception center.

#510638 6

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. An old farme...
Refugees, ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria, arrive  
at Edirne railway station, Turkey.                     
Turkish policeman guarding the reception center.       
Edirne,1951.

#510639 1

Refugees, ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria, arrive at Edirne railway statio...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
Sitting on sacks and suitcases, a grandfather talks to his grandchild.

#51064018

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Sitting on s...
Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. 
Refugees are sprayed with DDT upon arrival in the refugee camp.

#51064024

Ethnic Turks expelled from Bulgaria flee to Edirne, Turkey, 1951. Refugees are...
Cardinal Alojzij Stepinac in his hometown of Krasic,   
Croatia.In a trial in 1946,the cardinal was sentenced  
to a prison term for high treason;he was exiled to     
Krasic in 1951, where he worked as deputy-parish       
priest.Mass in the Church of Krasic.

#52060113

Cardinal Alojzij Stepinac in his hometown of Krasic, Croatia.In a trial in 19...
Cardinal Alojzij Stepinac in his hometown of Krasic,   
Croatia.In a trial in 1946,the cardinal was sentenced  
to a prison term for high treason;he was exiled to     
Krasic in 1951, where he worked as deputy-parish       
priest. Prayer before lunch. Krasic,Croatia,1951.

#52060128

Cardinal Alojzij Stepinac in his hometown of Krasic, Croatia.In a trial in 19...
Cardinal Alojzij Stepinac in his hometown Krasic, Croatia. He was sentenced  to prison for high treason in 1946; he was exiled to     
Krasic in 1951, where he worked as deputy parish priest.

#52060217A

Cardinal Alojzij Stepinac in his hometown Krasic, Croatia. He was sentenced to...
Cardinal Alojzij Stepinac in his hometown of Krasic,   
Croatia.In a trial in 1946,the cardinal was sentenced  
to a prison term for high treason;he was exiled to     
Krasic in 1951, where he worked as deputy-parish       
priest. Krasic,Croatia,1951.

#52060218A

Cardinal Alojzij Stepinac in his hometown of Krasic, Croatia.In a trial in 19...
Cardinal Alojzij Stepinac in his hometown Krasic, Croatia. He was sentenced  to prison for high treason in 1946; he was exiled to     
Krasic in 1951, where he worked as deputy parish priest.                      Stepinac preaching.

#52060234

Cardinal Alojzij Stepinac in his hometown Krasic, Croatia. He was sentenced to...
Cardinal Alojzij Stepinac in his hometown of Krasic,   
Croatia.In a trial in 1946,the cardinal was sentenced  
to a prison term for high treason;he was exiled to     
Krasic in 1951, where he worked as deputy-parish       
priest. Stepinac preaching in Krasic,Croatia,1951.

#52060234A

Cardinal Alojzij Stepinac in his hometown of Krasic, Croatia.In a trial in 19...
Cardinal Alojzij Stepinac in his hometown Krasic, Croatia. He was sentenced  to prison for high treason in 1946; he was exiled to     
Krasic in 1951, where he worked as deputy parish priest.

#52060310A

Cardinal Alojzij Stepinac in his hometown Krasic, Croatia. He was sentenced to...
Cardinal Alojzij Stepinac in his hometown of Krasic,
Croatia.In a trial in 1946,the cardinal was sentenced
to a prison term for high treason; he was exiled to
Krasic in 1951,where he worked as deputy-parish priest.
Stepinac (center) during mass.

#52060417

Cardinal Alojzij Stepinac in his hometown of Krasic, Croatia.In a trial in 1946...
Cardinal Alojzij Stepinac in his hometown of Krasic,   
Croatia.In a trial in 1946,the cardinal was sentenced  
to a prison term for high treason;he was exiled to     
Krasic in 1951, where he worked as deputy-parish       
priest. Krasic,Croatia,1951.

#52060529A

Cardinal Alojzij Stepinac in his hometown of Krasic, Croatia.In a trial in 19...
Mass in St. Stephen's Cathedral, Vienna.
Cardinal Theodor Innitzer and co-celebrants.

#53132937

Mass in St. Stephen's Cathedral, Vienna. Cardinal Theodor Innitzer and co-celeb...
Mass in St.Stephen's Cathedral, Vienna.
Cardinal Theodor Innitzer and co-celebrants.

#53132944

Mass in St.Stephen's Cathedral, Vienna. Cardinal Theodor Innitzer and co-celebr...
Willy Ellmayer,an Austrian officer in the First World
War,opened a dancing school when he lost his job in
1918.Since then he became the "arbiter elegantiarum"
in an establishment which all upper-class children
had to frequent.He also organized numerous balls. 1953

#53140925

Willy Ellmayer,an Austrian officer in the First World War,opened a dancing schoo...
Lorenz Boehler (1885-1973), Austrian physician and famous trauma surgeon.
Professor Lorenz Böhler, who introduced the pinning of broken bones, with a "pinned" leg at Vienna's General Hospital.

Vienna, 1954

#54123512A

Lorenz Boehler (1885-1973), Austrian physician and famous trauma surgeon. Profe...
Under Hungarian Communism, Protestants, Catholics and Jews were fairly free in the exercise of their religion. Some leaders of the churches were imprisoned. 
Joszef Cardinal Mindszenty returned to Budapest on October 31, 1956, after 8 years in an AVH (Secret Police) prison in Felsoepeteny. On November 4, he fled to the US-Embassy in Budapest, where he remained until 1971. He was permitted to leave Hungary in 1971 and lived in Vienna until his death in 1975.

#56091216

Under Hungarian Communism, Protestants, Catholics and Jews were fairly free in t...
Under Hungarian Communism, Protestants, Catholics and Jews were fairly free in the exercise of their religion. Some leaders of the churches were imprisoned. 
Joszef Cardinal Mindszenty returned to Budapest on October 31, 1956, after 8 years in an AVH (Secret Police) prison in Felsoepeteny. On November 4, he fled to the US-Embassy in Budapest, where he remained until 1971. He was permitted to leave Hungary in 1971 and lived in Vienna until his death in 1975.

#56091217

Under Hungarian Communism, Protestants, Catholics and Jews were fairly free in t...
Under Hungarian Communism, Protestants, Catholics and Jews were fairly free in the exercise of their religion. Some leaders of the churches were imprisoned. 
Joszef Cardinal Mindszenty returned to Budapest on October 31, 1956, after 8 years in an AVH (Secret Police) prison in Felsoepeteny. On November 4, he fled to the US-Embassy in Budapest, where he remained until 1971. He was permitted to leave Hungary in 1971 and lived in Vienna until his death in 1975.

#56091218

Under Hungarian Communism, Protestants, Catholics and Jews were fairly free in t...
Under Hungarian Communism, Protestants, Catholics and Jews were fairly free in the exercise of their religion. Some leaders of the churches were imprisoned. 
Joszef Cardinal Mindszenty returned to Budapest on October 31, 1956, after 8 years in an AVH (Secret Police) prison in Felsoepeteny. On November 4, he fled to the US-Embassy in Budapest, where he remained until 1971. He was permitted to leave Hungary in 1971 and lived in Vienna until his death in 1975.

#56091220A

Under Hungarian Communism, Protestants, Catholics and Jews were fairly free in t...
Under Hungarian Communism, Protestants, Catholics and Jews were fairly free in the exercise of their religion. Some leaders of the churches were imprisoned. 
Joszef Cardinal Mindszenty returned to Budapest on October 31, 1956, after 8 years in an AVH (Secret Police) prison in Felsoepeteny. On November 4, he fled to the US-Embassy in Budapest, where he remained until 1971. He was permitted to leave Hungary in 1971 and lived in Vienna until his death in 1975.

#56091221

Under Hungarian Communism, Protestants, Catholics and Jews were fairly free in t...
Under Hungarian Communism,Protestants,Catholics and    
Jews were fairly free to exercise their religion,but   
leaders of the Christian churches were persecuted.     
Cardinal Joszef Mindszenty after his release from      
prison, Budapest,October 1956.

#560920 5

Under Hungarian Communism,Protestants,Catholics and Jews were fairly free to...
Under Hungarian Communism,Protestants,Catholics and    
Jews were fairly free to exercise their religion,but   
leaders of the Christian churches were persecuted.     
Cardinal Joszef Mindszenty after his release from      
prison, Budapest,October 1956.

#56092011

Under Hungarian Communism,Protestants,Catholics and Jews were fairly free to...
Under Hungarian Communism,Protestants,Catholics and    
Jews were fairly free to exercise their religion,but   
leaders of the Christian churches were persecuted.     
Cardinal Joszef Mindszenty after his release from      
prison, Budapest,October 1956.

#56092014

Under Hungarian Communism,Protestants,Catholics and Jews were fairly free to...
Under Hungarian Communism,Protestants,Catholics and    
Jews were fairly free to exercise their religion,but   
leaders of the Christian churches were persecuted.     
Cardinal Joszef Mindszenty after his release from      
prison, Budapest,October 1956.

#56092020

Under Hungarian Communism,Protestants,Catholics and Jews were fairly free to...
Under Hungarian Communism,Protestants,Catholics and    
Jews were fairly free to exercise their religion,but   
leaders of the Christian churches were persecuted.     
Cardinal Joszef Mindszenty after his release from      
prison, Budapest,October 1956.

#560921 6A

Under Hungarian Communism,Protestants,Catholics and Jews were fairly free to...
Under Hungarian Communism,Protestants,Catholics and    
Jews were fairly free to exercise their religion,but   
leaders of the Christian churches were persecuted.     
Cardinal Joszef Mindszenty after his release from      
prison, Budapest,October 1956.

#56092111A

Under Hungarian Communism,Protestants,Catholics and Jews were fairly free to...
Under Hungarian Communism,Protestants,Catholics and    
Jews were fairly free to exercise their religion,but   
leaders of the Christian churches were persecuted.     
Cardinal Joszef Mindszenty,with well-wisher,after his  
release from prison, Budapest,October 1956.

#56092218

Under Hungarian Communism,Protestants,Catholics and Jews were fairly free to...
Under Hungarian Communism,Protestants,Catholics and    
Jews were fairly free to exercise their religion,but   
leaders of the Christian churches were persecuted.     
Cardinal Joszef Mindszenty after his release from      
prison, Budapest,October 1956.

#56092223

Under Hungarian Communism,Protestants,Catholics and Jews were fairly free to...
Under Hungarian Communism,Protestants,Catholics and    
Jews were fairly free to exercise their religion,but   
leaders of the Christian churches were persecuted.     
Cardinal Joszef Mindszenty,with well-wisher,after his  
release from prison, Budapest,October 1956.

#56092235A

Under Hungarian Communism,Protestants,Catholics and Jews were fairly free to...
Cardinal Wyszynski holding mass in Warsaw's St. John 
Cathedral.                                             
Warsaw, 1957

#57010931A

Cardinal Wyszynski holding mass in Warsaw's St. John Cathedral....
Elections in Poland 1957: On the Sunday before the elections, Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski preached in a church in suburbian Warsaw, exhorting Poles to observe their duty and vote.

#57020419A

Elections in Poland 1957: On the Sunday before the elections, Cardinal Stefan Wy...
Outside a Warsaw church, Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski, released after three years in exile and confinement in a Polish monastery, is greeted by well-wishers.      
Warsaw, 1957

#570205 9A

Outside a Warsaw church, Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski, released after three years i...
Visitors to the Vienna synagogue on a Jewish holiday
are Mayor Franz Jonas and Secretary of State for
Foreign Affairs Ludwig Steiner.
Left: Chief Rabbi Akiba Eisenberg.

#63032719

Visitors to the Vienna synagogue on a Jewish holiday are Mayor Franz Jonas and S...
Budapest revisited 42 years after the Hungarian Revolution: Cardinal-Archbishop Laszlo Paskai in the Episcopal Palace in Budapest, where his predecessor, Cardinal Joszef Mindszenty, stayed for a few hours after his liberation and before his long     
exile in the US-Embassy in Budapest.

#98011516

Budapest revisited 42 years after the Hungarian Revolution: Cardinal-Archbishop...
Willy Ellmayer,an Austrian officer in the First World
War,opened a dancing school when he lost his job in
1918.Since then he became the "arbiter elegantiarum"
in an establishment which all upper-class children
had to frequent.He also opened numerous balls, here in his
famous pose of "Alles Walzer" - "waltz all!"

#54121914

Willy Ellmayer,an Austrian officer in the First World War,opened a dancing scho...
Lorenz Boehler (1885-1973), Austrian physician and famous accident surgeon.
Professor Lorenz Böhler, who introduced the pinning of broken bones, with a "pinned" leg at the Vienna General Hospital.

Vienna, Austria, 1954

#54123510A

Lorenz Boehler (1885-1973), Austrian physician and famous accident surgeon. Pro...
Children in a Spanish village.

Spain, 1951

#510303 1

Children in a Spanish village. Spain, 1951
Walther Kolb, mayor of Frankfurt, West Germany, discussing politics with young people.

#51010338A

Walther Kolb, mayor of Frankfurt, West Germany, discussing politics with young p...
War invalid in Duesseldorf, Germany

#51012533

War invalid in Duesseldorf, Germany
Workers' demonstration, Hamburg, 1951

#51013612A

Workers' demonstration, Hamburg, 1951
Workers' demonstration, Hamburg, 1951

#51013620A

Workers' demonstration, Hamburg, 1951
A demonstration for the reunification of the South Tyrol,
ceded to Italy after the First World War. Two small boys in Tyrolean costume carry a board with the sign: "155,000
signatures" for reunification.

#460101 2

A demonstration for the reunification of the South Tyrol, ceded to Italy after...
A demonstration for the reunification of the South Tyrol,
ceded to Italy after the First World War. Thousands line Maria-Theresienstrasse, the main street of Innsbruck.
The South-Tyrol (Alto Adige) has remained Italian ever since, but various Austrian governments reached a good autonomy status for the region.

#460101 3

A demonstration for the reunification of the South Tyrol, ceded to Italy after...
A demonstration for the reunification of the South Tyrol,
ceded to Italy after the First World War. Inhabitants of Bozen (Bolzano) in their Tyrolean costumes carry signs saying "South-Tyrol, come home!" The South-Tyrol (Alto Adige) has remained Italian ever since, but various governments reached a good autonomy status for the region.

#460101 4

A demonstration for the reunification of the South Tyrol, ceded to Italy after...
A Vienna policeman directs traffic on the Ringstrasse- Boulevard in front of the Palais Epstein, the Soviet town-command. Banner celebrates the Red Army's 28th anniversary and huge portraits show Lenin and Stalin right and left of the Red Star.

#47010110

A Vienna policeman directs traffic on the Ringstrasse- Boulevard in front of the...
In front of Vienna's cityhall, workmen saw through a tree
they are cutting for firewood in an effort to combat the winter's coal shortage.

#47010111

In front of Vienna's cityhall, workmen saw through a tree they are cutting for...
Post-war Vienna.
High up near the roof of St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna, two workmen secure a third while clearing rubble. The cathedral was destroyed by artillery fire during the last days of the war. 
July 1947

#47010113

Post-war Vienna. High up near the roof of St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna, tw...
Austrian jews celebrated the United Nations' decision to partition Palestine. They marched in procession to the grave
of Dr. Theodor Herzl in a Viennese cemetery, carrying a Zionist flag and a portrait of the founder of the modern Zionist movement. 
December 13, 1947

#47010115

Austrian jews celebrated the United Nations' decision to partition Palestine. Th...
Austrian jews celebrating the United Nations' decision to partition Palestine. They march in procession to the grave of Dr. Theodor Herzl, founder of modern Zionism.
December 13, 1947

#47010116

Austrian jews celebrating the United Nations' decision to partition Palestine. T...
A Jewish refugee, attempting to cross the border from Austria to Italy (on the first stage of a journey to Palestine), is apprehended by Italian border guards. He will be marched back to the Austrian frontier, but will surely make another attempt soon.

#47010117

A Jewish refugee, attempting to cross the border from Austria to Italy (on the f...
A Jewish refugee, attempting to cross the border from Austria to Italy (on the first stage of a journey to Palestine), is apprehended by Italian border guards. He will be marched back to the Austrian frontier, but will surely make another attempt soon.

#47010118

A Jewish refugee, attempting to cross the border from Austria to Italy (on the f...
For the first time since the beginning of the war, tobacco and cigars are on sale unrestrictedly in Vienna in May 1948,
Smokers storming the tobacco shops.

#480102 2

For the first time since the beginning of the war, tobacco and cigars are on sal...
Russian district commander Major Kozew, at lower right, opens a new municipal market in the Russian zone of Vienna. Houses around the market are workers' dwellings by the pre-1934 socialist administration of Vienna. In the old market, destroyed by bombing during the war, severe fighting took place during the Vienna workers' insurrection in February 1934.  Vienna 1948

#480102 7

Russian district commander Major Kozew, at lower right, opens a new municipal ma...
Post-war Vienna.
The Northwest Friendship train, bringing 1100 tons of food and clothing to Austria from the people of Montana, Idaho, Oregon, Washington and Alaska, arriving in Vienna on March 23, 1948. 
A large crowd of Austrians wait to welcome the gift from the United States.

#480102 8

Post-war Vienna. The Northwest Friendship train, bringing 1100 tons of food and...
The monument, commemorating the birth of the First Austrian Republic, had first been erected in 1928,but was torn down by the Dollfuss government in 1934. It has been reerected and unveiled on November 12, 1948, thirty years
after the founding of the Republic. Thousands of people took part in the ceremony. Adolf Schaerf, vice-chancellor, and Theodor Koerner, mayor of Vienna, held speeches.

#480102 9

The monument, commemorating the birth of the First Austrian Republic, had first...
Corpus Christi procession on Traunsee-lake. The Holy Sacrament is taken out of the church and carried by the priest to a boat on which an altar has been erected. The procession, all in boats, circles around the lake behind the boat with the host. Mass is held in four different spots on the lakeside.

#490102 1

Corpus Christi procession on Traunsee-lake. The Holy Sacrament is taken out of t...
Corpus Christi procession on Traunsee-lake. The Holy Sacrament is taken out of the church and conveyed by the priest to a boat on which an altar has been erected. The procession, all in boats, circles around the lake behind the boat with the host. Masses are held in four diffrent spots on the lake.

#490102 2

Corpus Christi procession on Traunsee-lake. The Holy Sacrament is taken out of t...
Corpus Christi procession on Traunsee-lake. The Holy Sacrament is taken out of the church and conveyed by the priest to a boat on which an altar has been erected. The procession, all in boats, circles around the lake behind the boat with the host. Masses are held in four diffrent spots on the lake.

#490102 3

Corpus Christi procession on Traunsee-lake. The Holy Sacrament is taken out of t...
Shop windows are filled with goods again. Prices are still high for the average citizen, but controlled prices work to the great advantage of the average working people.
October 1949

#490102 6

Shop windows are filled with goods again. Prices are still high for the average...
Socialist and catholic student groups clashed at the University of Vienna, in a feud which dates back to the 19th
century. Catholic students had appeared, on Ascebsion Day, in the traditional caps and ribbons of the catholic students' corps. Police finally restored order after a dozen students had been injured. May 30, 1949

#490102 7

Socialist and catholic student groups clashed at the University of Vienna, in a...
Socialist and catholic student groups clashed at the University of Vienna, in a feud which dates back to the 19th
century. Catholic students had appeared, on Ascension Day, in the traditional caps and ribbons of the catholic students' corps. Police finally restored order after a dozen students had been injured. May 30, 1949

#490102 8

Socialist and catholic student groups clashed at the University of Vienna, in a...
While an estimated 12.000 Austrian Communists demonstrated in the centre of Vienna, administered by all four occupation powers, other Communists in the Russian zone were squatting on tramway tracks on September 26, 1950. They were protesting against a government decree raising both wages and prices. Demonstrators gathered in front of the Chancellery in downtown Vienna.

#500102 1

While an estimated 12.000 Austrian Communists demonstrated in the centre of Vien...
While an estimated 12.000 Austrian Communists demonstrated in the centre of Vienna, administered by all four occupation powers, other Communists in the Russian zone  filled in tramway tracks with debris in order to halt traffic. They were protesting a government decree raising both wages and prices. 26th september 1950.

#500102 2

While an estimated 12.000 Austrian Communists demonstrated in the centre of Vien...
Communist demonstrators deflated the wheel of a bus, thus closing off Kaerntnerstrasse next to the Vienna Opera. The rioters disrupted traffic in downtown Vienna and stopped trains coming in from the country-side. The demonstrations
were against a government decree which raised prices as well as wages.

#500102 3

Communist demonstrators deflated the wheel of a bus, thus closing off Kaerntners...
Communist workers demonstrated against a new wage- and price pact on september 26,1950. They are seen here in front of the Old City Hall in downtown Vienna, where a trade union 
conference was held.

#500102 4

Communist workers demonstrated against a new wage- and price pact on september 2...
Vienna's neo-gothic city hall is brilliantly lit for the week-long
"Workers' Sports Festival" held in July 1950.

#500102 5

Vienna's neo-gothic city hall is brilliantly lit for the week-long "Workers' Sp...
Hundreds of spectators watch two fighting cocks during the
"Gauderfest" in Zell am Ziller in the Tyrolean Alps. The fighting cocks are trained by local youngsters throughout the year, but the fights are limited to a few minutes and are not a life-and-death battle. The festival dates back to the 16th century. Zell am Ziller, 1951

#510201 1

Hundreds of spectators watch two fighting cocks during the "Gauderfest" in Zell...
An evening dress is created in a Munich fashion house.

#51013519

An evening dress is created in a Munich fashion house.
Christmas in Austria is celebrated with mass,prayer and
a Christmas-tree at home,incense burnt in the stables, 
and "Looking for shelter",a Christmas play.            
Midnight mass in the Gothic church of Wagrain,1951.

#51020114A

Christmas in Austria is celebrated with mass,prayer and a Christmas-tree at home...
Konrad Lorenz, Austrian zoologist and behaviourist, received the Nobel Prize in 1973.

#73190122A

Konrad Lorenz, Austrian zoologist and behaviourist, received the Nobel Prize in...
Christmas in Austria is celebrated with mass,prayer and
a Christmas-tree at home,incense burnt in the stables, 
and "Looking for shelter",a Christmas play.            
Midnight mass in the Gothic church of Wagrain,1951.

#51020613

Christmas in Austria is celebrated with mass,prayer and a Christmas-tree at home...
Traditional Christmas celebrations in Austria include mass, prayer and a Christmas tree at home, incense burning in the stables, and "Looking for Shelter": two villagers, acting Mary and Joseph, walk from house to house and are given cake and drinks. 

Christmas eve at a farm in Wagrain, 1951

#51020338

Traditional Christmas celebrations in Austria include mass, prayer and a Christm...
Christmas in Austria is celebrated with mass,prayer and
a Christmas-tree at home,incense burnt in the stables, 
and "Looking for shelter":two villagers,acting Mary and
Joseph, walk from house to house and are given cake    
and drinks. Morning mass on Christmas day.Wagrain,1951

#51020243

Christmas in Austria is celebrated with mass,prayer and a Christmas-tree at home...
Christmas in Austria:On Christmas morning,school-      
children in Wagrain sing at the grave of Josef Mohr,   
parish priest in Wagrain who wrote the world-famous    
Christmas song:"Silent night,Holy night.."             
Wagrain,Salzburg,1951.

#51020232

Christmas in Austria:On Christmas morning,school- children in Wagrain sing...
Christmas in Austria is celebrated with mass, prayer and
a Christmas-tree at home,i ncense burnt in the stables, 
and "Looking for shelter", a Christmas play.            
Midnight mass in the Gothic church of Wagrain,1951.

#51020128A

Christmas in Austria is celebrated with mass, prayer and a Christmas-tree at ho...
Lorenz Boehler (1885-1973), Austrian physician and famous accident surgeon.
Professor Lorenz Böhler, who introduced the pinning of broken bones, with a "pinned" leg at the Vienna General Hospital.

Vienna, Austria, 1954

#54123319A

Lorenz Boehler (1885-1973), Austrian physician and famous accident surgeon. Pro...
Under Hungarian Communism, Protestants, Catholics and Jews were fairly free in the exercise of their religion. Some leaders of the churches were imprisoned. 
Joszef Cardinal Mindszenty returned to Budapest on October 31, 1956, after 8 years in an AVH (Secret Police) prison in Felsoepeteny. On November 4, he fled to the US-Embassy in Budapest, where he remained until 1971. He was permitted to leave Hungary in 1971 and lived in Vienna until his death in 1975.

#56091222

Under Hungarian Communism, Protestants, Catholics and Jews were fairly free in t...
Under Hungarian Communism,Protestants,Catholics and    
Jews were fairly free to exercise their religion,but   
leaders of the Christian churches were persecuted.     
Cardinal Joszef Mindszenty after his release from      
prison, Budapest,October 1956.

#56092016

Under Hungarian Communism,Protestants,Catholics and Jews were fairly free to...