415 Results for "Architecture"

Description

Architecture

Treasure House of the Athenians, Delphi. Greek cities  
erected such treasure houses to store war spoils       
dedicated to the gods. The Treasure House of the       
Athenians contained spoils from the battle of Marathon 
(490-489 BCE). Marble. 6.90 x 10 m

#010101 2

Treasure House of the Athenians, Delphi. Greek cities erected such treasure ho...
Treasure House of the Athenians, Delphi. Greek cities  
erected such treasure houses to store war spoils       
dedicated to the gods. The Treasure House of the       
Athenians contained spoils from the battle of Marathon 
(490-489 BCE). Marble. 6.89 x 10 m

#010101 3

Treasure House of the Athenians, Delphi. Greek cities erected such treasure ho...
View of Upper Delphi. Apollo Temple, Theatre,          
and the Treasure House of the Athenians.               
Temple: 4th BCE                                        
Theatre: 160 BCE                                       
Treasure House: 5th BCE

#010101 4

View of Upper Delphi. Apollo Temple, Theatre, and the Treasure House o...
Athenian Stoa, Delphi. An open hall, supported by      
columns of Pentelic marble, with the Polygonal Wall    
in the rear. Spoils from the Athenians' naval battles  
were stored here. Pentelic marble (500 BCE)            
28 x 4 m

#010101 5

Athenian Stoa, Delphi. An open hall, supported by columns of Pentelic marb...
Athenian Stoa, Delphi. An open hall, supported by      
columns of Pentelic marble, with the Polygonal Wall    
in the rear. Spoils from the Athenians naval battles   
were stored here. Pentelic marble (500 BCE)            
28 x 4 m

#010101 6

Athenian Stoa, Delphi. An open hall, supported by columns of Pentelic marb...
The Sacred Way, Delphi, leads through the Apollo       
Sanctuary, from the Treasure House of the Athenians    
past the Stoa and the Polygonal Wall, to the temple    
of Apollo.

#010101 7

The Sacred Way, Delphi, leads through the Apollo Sanctuary, from the Trea...
The Sacred Way, Delphi, leads through the Apollo       
Sanctuary, past the Treasure House of the Athenians    
past the Stoa and the Polygonal Wall, to the temple    
of Apollo.

#010101 8

The Sacred Way, Delphi, leads through the Apollo Sanctuary, past the Trea...
Temple of Apollo, Delphi, erected on the site of       
older sanctuaries, of which the last, from 6th BCE,    
was destroyed by an earthquake in 373 BCE. The present 
building dates from 369-329 BCE. 44 cloumns each 11 m  
high. The Pythia prophesied here. 24.6 x 60 m

#01010110

Temple of Apollo, Delphi, erected on the site of older sanctuaries, of wh...
Temple of Apollo, Delphi, erected on the site of older 
sanctuaries, of which the last, from the 6th BCE, was  
destroyed by an earthquake in 373 BCE. The present     
building dates from 369-329 BCE. The Pythia prophesied 
here. 24.6 x 60 m

#01010111

Temple of Apollo, Delphi, erected on the site of older sanctuaries, of which th...
Temple of Apollo, Delphi, erected on the site of older 
sanctuaries, of which the last, from the 6th BCE, was  
destroyed by an earthquake in 373 BCE. The present     
building dates from 369-329 BCE. The Pythia prophesied 
here. 24.6 x 60 m

#01010112

Temple of Apollo, Delphi, erected on the site of older sanctuaries, of which th...
Temple of Apollo, Delphi, seen from Pythia's cave,     
erected on the site of older sanctuaries, of which     
the last, from the 6th BCE, was destroyed by an        
earthquake in 373 BCE. The present building dates      
from 329 BCE. The Pythia prophesied here. 24.6 x 60 m

#01010113

Temple of Apollo, Delphi, seen from Pythia's cave, erected on the site of o...
Temple of Apollo, Delphi, erected on the site of older 
sanctuaries, of which the last, from the 6th BCE, was  
destroyed by an earthquake in 373 BCE. The present     
building dates from 369-329 BCE. The Pythia prophesied 
here. 24.6 x 60 m

#01010114

Temple of Apollo, Delphi, erected on the site of older sanctuaries, of which th...
Temple of Apollo, Delphi, erected on the site of older 
sanctuaries, of which the last, from the 6th BCE, was  
destroyed by an earthquake in  373 BCE. The present    
building dates from 369-329 BCE. The Pythia prophesied 
here. 24.6 x 60 m

#01010115

Temple of Apollo, Delphi, erected on the site of older sanctuaries, of which th...
Temple of Apollo, Delphi, erected on the site of older 
sanctuaries, of which the last, from the 6th BCE, was  
destroyed by an earthquake in 373 BCE. The present     
building dates from 369-329 BCE. The Pythia prophesied 
here. 24.6 x 60 m

#01010116

Temple of Apollo, Delphi, erected on the site of older sanctuaries, of which th...
Temple of Apollo, Delphi, erected on the site of older 
sanctuaries, of which the last, from the 6th BCE, was  
destroyed by an earthquake in 373 BCE. The present     
building dates from 369-329 BCE. The Pythia prophesied 
here. 24.6 x 60 m

#01010117

Temple of Apollo, Delphi, erected on the site of older sanctuaries, of which th...
Temple of Apollo, Delphi, South Wall and entrance to   
the Cave of the Pythia, erected on the site of older   
sanctuaries. The present building dates from           
369-329 BCE.

#01010118

Temple of Apollo, Delphi, South Wall and entrance to the Cave of the Pythia,...
The theatre of Delphi, built in 160 BCE on the slope   
of Mount Parnassos, above the Temple of Apollo, seats  
seats 5000 spectators in 35 rows of seats. The Pythian 
Games, competitions in music, drama, horse racing, and 
sports, were held every four years in Delphi.

#01010119

The theatre of Delphi, built in 160 BCE on the slope of Mount Parnassos, abov...
The stadium of Delphi, built on the highest terrace    
of the slope of Mount Parnassos, is 178 m long and     
could seat 7000 people. It was used for the Pythian    
Games, held every four years in honour of Apollo.

#01010120

The stadium of Delphi, built on the highest terrace of the slope of Mount Pa...
The Sacred Spring of Castalia, Delphi, issues from     
a deep crevasse in the Phaedrian Rocks below Mount     
Parnassos.

#01010121

The Sacred Spring of Castalia, Delphi, issues from a deep crevasse in the P...
The Tholos, sanctuary of Athena Pronaia, Delphi, is a  
circular building which may have replaced an earlier   
snake sanctuary.                                       
(370-360 BCE)                                          
Size: 13.5 m across

#01010122

The Tholos, sanctuary of Athena Pronaia, Delphi, is a circular building which...
The Tholos, sanctuary of Athena Pronaia, Delphi, is a  
circular building which may have replaced an earlier   
snake sanctuary.                                       
(370-360 BCE)                                          
Size: 13.5 m across

#01010123

The Tholos, sanctuary of Athena Pronaia, Delphi, is a circular building which...
The Plutonion, sanctuary of Hades, Eleusis. The grotto
behind the temple of Pluto was believed to be the
gateway to Hades, the Netherworld. According to myth,
this is the place of Persephone's abduction and return.

#01010129

The Plutonion, sanctuary of Hades, Eleusis. The grotto behind the temple of Plut...
Altar of Demeter and Persephone, Eleusis. The cult of
Demeter, Goddess of the Earth, and Persephone, Goddess
of Fertility, was celebrated by the women of Eleusis
while the men were initiated into the mysteries.

#01010130

Altar of Demeter and Persephone, Eleusis. The cult of Demeter, Goddess of the Ea...
Temple of Hera, Olympia, one of the oldest Doric       
temples, a peripteros with 6 x 16 columns              
(around 680 BCE)                                       
27 x 8 m

#01010131

Temple of Hera, Olympia, one of the oldest Doric temples, a peripteros wi...
Temple of Zeus, Olympia. Detail of the krepis, the     
steps leading up to the Doric peripteros with 6 x 13   
columns.                                               
(470-456 BCE)

#01010132

Temple of Zeus, Olympia. Detail of the krepis, the steps leading up to the...
City Wall and Lions' Gate, Mycenae. The wall encloses  
the acropolis (city-fortress) of the mythical Atrides  
family, of Agamemnon, Klytaemnestra, and Orestes.

#01010135

City Wall and Lions' Gate, Mycenae. The wall encloses the acropolis (city-fort...
The Lions' Gate, Mycenae, formed by two monoliths,     
topped by a triangular slab of grey limestone with     
the relief of two lionesses.                           
(1350 BCE)

#01010136

The Lions' Gate, Mycenae, formed by two monoliths, topped by a triangular s...
Eastern wall of the Acropolis of Mycenae, view into
the valley of the Chavos River.

#01010138

Eastern wall of the Acropolis of Mycenae, view into the valley of the Chavos Riv...
Royal hall (megaron) in the palace of Mycenae.
According to Homer, Agamemnon was murdered here. The
sacred hearth and the bases of four columns remain.
Size: 13 x 12 m

#01010139

Royal hall (megaron) in the palace of Mycenae. According to Homer, Agamemnon was...
So-called Tomb of Agamemnon,or treasury of Atreus,     
Mycenae. Entrance to the circular tholos, the largest  
of the tholos-tombs discovered by Heinrich Schliemann.

#01010140

So-called Tomb of Agamemnon,or treasury of Atreus, Mycenae. Entrance to the...
So-called Tomb of Agamemnon, Mycenae, the largest of   
the Tholos tombs discovered by Heinrich Schliemann.

#01010141

So-called Tomb of Agamemnon, Mycenae, the largest of the Tholos tombs discove...
Archaic lion on the Lion's Terrace, Delos. Five of     
at least nine original lions still face the Sacred     
Lake.                                                  
Marble from Naxos

#01010148

Archaic lion on the Lion's Terrace, Delos. Five of at least nine original l...
A water reservoir on the island of Delos.

#01010150

A water reservoir on the island of Delos.
Artemision, Sanctuary of Artemis, Delos

#01010152

Artemision, Sanctuary of Artemis, Delos
Porticus of the sanctuary of Artemis, Delos, seen      
from the Apollo Temple. In the background the island   
of Ortygia.

#01010153

Porticus of the sanctuary of Artemis, Delos, seen from the Apollo Temple....
Tombs of the Hyperborean Virgins, Delos, who           
assisted at the birth of Apollo and Artemis.

#01010154

Tombs of the Hyperborean Virgins, Delos, who assisted at the birth of...
Front terrace of the temple of Apollo, Delos.          
Pavement of huge slabs of gneiss.                      
Temple construction was begun in 454 BCE.

#01010155

Front terrace of the temple of Apollo, Delos. Pavement of huge slabs o...
Throne room of the palace of Knossos, Heraklion, Crete.
The "Throne of Minos" is of stone and embedded in the  
wall of a dark chamber. The griffin frescoes on the    
wall are restored from surviving fragments.

#01010162

Throne room of the palace of Knossos, Heraklion, Crete. The "Throne of Minos" is...
Throne room of the palace of Knossos, Crete.
The "Throne of Minos" is of stone and embedded in the
wall of a dark chamber (15th BCE). The griffin frescoes
on the wall are restored from surviving fragments.

#01010163

Throne room of the palace of Knossos, Crete. The "Throne of Minos" is of stone a...
Palace of Knossos, Crete. Small courtyard
in the living quarters of the east wing. The columns,
originally made of wood, were replaced by stone
columns by archaeologist Arthur Evans, during
restoration in the early 20th.

#01010165

Palace of Knossos, Crete. Small courtyard in the living quarters of the east win...
Palace of Knossos, Heraklion, Crete. Small courtyard   
in the living quarters of the east wing. The columns,  
originally made of wood, were replaced by stone        
columns by archaeologist Arthur Evans during           
restoration in the early 20th.

#01010166

Palace of Knossos, Heraklion, Crete. Small courtyard in the living quarters o...
Store-room and storage jars in the west wing           
of the Minoan palace of Knossos, Crete.

#01010167

Store-room and storage jars in the west wing of the Minoan palace of...
Wall and tower of the town of Troezen, where,          
according to myth, the hero Theseus was born. Lower    
part of the wall is ancient Greek, top part medieval.

#01010170

Wall and tower of the town of Troezen, where, according to myth, the h...
The Necromanteion of Ephyra, a sanctuary of Persephone 
and Hades and an oracle of Death (3rd BCE). According  
to Greek myths, this was one of the gateways to Hades. 
Orpheus descended here to save Eurydike.               
Thracia, Greece

#010102 4

The Necromanteion of Ephyra, a sanctuary of Persephone and Hades and an oracle...
The Necromanteion of Ephyra in Thrace,                 
a Sanctuary of Persephone and Hades and an oracle      
of Death (3rd BCE). See 01-01-02/4. Here Orpheus       
descended to save Eurydice.

#010102 5

The Necromanteion of Ephyra in Thrace, a Sanctuary of Persephon...
The Electra Gate, Thebes, where Kapaneus is said to    
have been struck by Zeus' lightning. One of the seven  
gates of Thebes (8th BCE).

#01010210

The Electra Gate, Thebes, where Kapaneus is said to have been struck by Zeus...
The Electra Gate, Thebes, where Kapaneus is said to    
have been struck by Zeus' lightning. One of the seven  
gates of Thebes (8th BCE).

#01010211

The Electra Gate, Thebes, where Kapaneus is said to have been struck by Zeus...
The Megaron of the Royal Palace (8th BCE), Thebes.

#01010212

The Megaron of the Royal Palace (8th BCE), Thebes.
The columns of the Heraion, a sanctuary of Hera        
between Argos and Mycenae (8th BCE).

#01010230

The columns of the Heraion, a sanctuary of Hera between Argos and Mycena...
Archaic altar of the Heraion, the sanctuary of Hera    
between Argos and Mycenae (8th BCE).

#01010231

Archaic altar of the Heraion, the sanctuary of Hera between Argos and Mycena...
Temple of Athena Alea in Tegea (5th BCE)               
where Herakles is said to have raped Auge who          
bore him Telephos. Pond and ruins.

#01010232

Temple of Athena Alea in Tegea (5th BCE) where Herakles is said t...
Outside walls of Tiryns (13th BCE).                    
Mycenaean military architecture.                       
Herakles performed his twelve labours                  
for Eurystheos, ruler of Tiryns.

#01010233

Outside walls of Tiryns (13th BCE). Mycenaean military archi...
Walls of Tiryns, the gate of the inner city (13th BCE).
Herakles performed his twelve labours for Eurystheos,  
ruler of Tiryns.

#01010234

Walls of Tiryns, the gate of the inner city (13th BCE). Herakles performed his t...
Temple of the Nemean Zeus (340-320 BCE).               
Here Herakles fought and killed the Nemean lion,       
the first of his twelve labours for Eurystheos, ruler  
of Tiryns.

#01010235

Temple of the Nemean Zeus (340-320 BCE). Here Herakles fought and...
Temple of the Nemean Zeus (340-320 BCE).               
Here Herakles fought and killed the                    
Nemean lion, the first of his twelve                   
labours for Eurystheos, ruler of Tiryns,

#01010236

Temple of the Nemean Zeus (340-320 BCE). Here Herakles fought and...
Palace of King Nestor in Pylos, earthenware bathtub    
(12th BCE). Telemach, son of Ulysses, visited here     
to ask Nestor for news of his father.

#01010237

Palace of King Nestor in Pylos, earthenware bathtub (12th BCE). Telemach, so...
Temple of Poseideon on Cape Sounion, a Doric           
temple built around 430 BCE to replace an              
earlier structure destroyed by the Persians.

#01010249

Temple of Poseideon on Cape Sounion, a Doric temple built around 430...
Temple of Poseidon on Cape Sounion, a Doric            
temple built around 430 BCE to replace an              
earlier structure destroyed by the Persians.

#01010250

Temple of Poseidon on Cape Sounion, a Doric temple built around 430...
Temple of Apollo where Theseus                         
abandoned Ariadne after leaving Crete.                 
Temple around 530 BCE.                                 
Island of Naxos, Greece

#01010251

Temple of Apollo where Theseus abandoned Ariadne after...
Ceremonial road to the temple compound of Salamis.

#01010260

Ceremonial road to the temple compound of Salamis.
Columns of the temple compound in Salamis.

#01010261

Columns of the temple compound in Salamis.
Roman forum in Salamis, Cyprus.

#01010262

Roman forum in Salamis, Cyprus.
The Thermae in Salamis with the temple in the          
background.

#01010263

The Thermae in Salamis with the temple in the background.
Synagogue in Paphos.                                   
Apostle Paul preached here.

#01010265

Synagogue in Paphos. Apostle Paul preached he...
"The 40 Columns", a Byzantine building (4th CE) on     
the site where, according to the Acts of the Apostles, 
Saint Paul temporarily blinded the sorcerer Elymas     
and converted the Roman Proconsul after discussions    
with Simon Magus.

#01010266

"The 40 Columns", a Byzantine building (4th CE) on the site where, accordin...
Column of the Flagellation of Saint Paul.

#01010267

Column of the Flagellation of Saint Paul.
Temple of Hera on the island of Samos. According       
to Greek myths, Hera and Zeus spent their wedding      
night here which lasted 300 years.

#01010270

Temple of Hera on the island of Samos. According to Greek myths, Hera and...
Walls of Tiryns, remains of                            
the cyclopic outer walls (13th BCE).                   
The ruler of Tiryns ordered Heracles                   
to perform the twelve labours.

#010103 2

Walls of Tiryns, remains of the cyclopic outer walls...
Walls of Tiryns, remains of                            
the cyclopic outer walls (13th BCE).                   
The ruler of Tiryns ordered Heracles                   
to perform the twelve labours.

#010103 3

Walls of Tiryns, remains of the cyclopic outer walls...
Fortifications of Tiryns, the cyclopic                 
walls (13th BCE). Watch tower of red and               
grey limestone blocks of irregular shape.              
The ruler of Tiryns ordered Heracles                   
to perform the twelve labours.

#010103 4

Fortifications of Tiryns, the cyclopic walls (13th BCE). Watch...
Fortifications of Tiryns, the cyclopic                 
walls of red and grey limestone blocks                 
of irregular shape (13th BCE).                         
The ruler of Tiryens ordered Heracles                  
to perform the twelve labours.

#010103 5

Fortifications of Tiryns, the cyclopic walls of red and grey li...
Fortifications of Tiryns (13th BCE).                   
Main entrance in the middle of the                     
eastern cyclopic wall, here over 8 m thick.            
The ruler of Tiryns ordered Heracles                   
to perform the twelve labours.

#010103 6

Fortifications of Tiryns (13th BCE). Main entrance in the mid...
Fortifications of Tiryns (13th BCE).                   
East gallery fronted by a colonnade of                 
the thickness of the outer wall (8 m).                 
The ruler of Tiryns ordered Heracles                   
to perform the twelve labours.

#010103 7

Fortifications of Tiryns (13th BCE). East gallery fronted by...
Fortifications of Tiryns (13th BCE).                   
East gallery fronted by a colonnade in                 
the thickness of the outer wall (8 m).                 
The ruler of Tiryns ordered Heracles                   
to perform the twelve labours.

#010103 8

Fortifications of Tiryns (13th BCE). East gallery fronted by...
Fortifications of Tiryns (13th BCE).                   
Staircase toward the south gallery.                    
The ruler of Tiryns ordered Heracles                   
to perform the twelve labours.

#010103 9

Fortifications of Tiryns (13th BCE). Staircase toward the sou...
Fortifications of Tiryns (13th BCE).                   
Right gatepost of the outer gateway                    
with boltholes (15 cm) for crossbar.                   
The ruler of Tiryns ordered Heracles                   
to perform the twelve labours.

#01010310

Fortifications of Tiryns (13th BCE). Right gatepost of the ou...
Wall and Lion Gate. Citadel of Mycenae                 
(1350-1330 BCE).                                       
Wall and Lion Gate werde discovered                    
in 1876-1877 by Heinrich Schliemann.

#01010311

Wall and Lion Gate. Citadel of Mycenae (1350-1330 BCE)....
Wall and Lion Gate. Citadel of Mycenae                 
(1350-1330 BCE).                                       
Wall and Lion Gate were discovered                     
in 1876-1877 by Heinrich Schliemann.

#01010312

Wall and Lion Gate. Citadel of Mycenae (1350-1330 BCE)....
The Lion Gate of the Citadel of Mycenae                
(1350-1330 BCE).                                       
The Lion Gate was discovered in                        
1876-1877 by Heinrich Schliemann.

#01010313

The Lion Gate of the Citadel of Mycenae (1350-1330 BCE)....
Citadel of Mycenae, the Lion Gate. Lintel              
and relief, top, with two lionesses rampant            
(1350-1330 BCE).                                       
The Lion Gate was discovered by                        
Heinrich Schliemann in 1876-1877.

#01010315

Citadel of Mycenae, the Lion Gate. Lintel and relief, top, with tw...
Citadel of Mycenae, postern gate                       
(1350-1330 BCE).

#01010316

Citadel of Mycenae, postern gate (1350-1330 BCE).
Citadel of Mycenae (1350-1330 BCE), postern gate.      
Close-up of 01-01-03/16.

#01010317

Citadel of Mycenae (1350-1330 BCE), postern gate. Close-up of 01-01-03/16.
Citadel of Mycenae, wall near the postern              
gate built of irregular limestone blocks               
(1350-1330 BCE).

#01010318

Citadel of Mycenae, wall near the postern gate built of irregular...
Citadel of Mycenae, postern gate of the wall           
(1350-1330 BCE).

#01010319

Citadel of Mycenae, postern gate of the wall (1350-1330 BCE).
Citadel of Mycenae, double walls                       
flanking the entrance                                  
(1350-1330 BCE).

#01010320

Citadel of Mycenae, double walls flanking the entrance...
The Temple of Poseidon on Cape Sounion                 
(5th BCE).

#01010321

The Temple of Poseidon on Cape Sounion (5th BCE).
The Temple of Poseidon on Cape Sounion (5th BCE)       
at sunset.

#01010322

The Temple of Poseidon on Cape Sounion (5th BCE) at sunset.
The Temple of Poseidon on Cape Sounion (5th BCE)       
at sunset.

#01010323

The Temple of Poseidon on Cape Sounion (5th BCE) at sunset.
The Temple of Poseidon on Cape Sounion (5th BCE)       
at sunset.

#01010324

The Temple of Poseidon on Cape Sounion (5th BCE) at sunset.
The Temple of Poseidon on Cape Sounion (5th BCE)       
at sunset.

#01010325

The Temple of Poseidon on Cape Sounion (5th BCE) at sunset.
Sunset with the outline of the                         
Temple of Poseidon (5th BCE)                           
on Cape Sounion.

#01010328

Sunset with the outline of the Temple of Poseidon (5th...
Temple of Apollo Epikourios                            
(450-425 BCE).

#01010329

Temple of Apollo Epikourios (450-425 BCE).
Lechaion Street in Corinth.                            
View towards Acrocorinth.                              
Saint Paul preached in Corinth.

#01010333

Lechaion Street in Corinth. View towards Acrocorinth...
Temple of Octavia, Corinth.                            
Early Roman imperial.

#01010334

Temple of Octavia, Corinth. Early Roman imperial.
The Bema, the Court of Justice on the Forum of Corinth. 
Saint Paul preached here from the monumental rostrum.
Acrocorinth in the background.

#01010335

The Bema, the Court of Justice on the Forum of Corinth. Saint Paul preached he...
The Bema, the Court of Justice on the                  
Forum of Corinth (550 BCE). Saint Paul                 
preached here from the monumental rostrum.             
Acrocorinth in the background.

#01010336

The Bema, the Court of Justice on the Forum of Corinth (550 BC...
Baths of Eurycles in Corinth.                          
Roman Imperial.

#01010337

Baths of Eurycles in Corinth. Roman Imperial.
Temple of Apollo in Corinth (550 BCE).

#01010338

Temple of Apollo in Corinth (550 BCE).
Stadium in Delphi. The marble slabs                    
of the starting point. The stadium was                 
begun in the 5th BCE, but enlarged and                 
embellished by Herod Atticus (101-177 CE),             
a wealthy Athenian.

#01010340

Stadium in Delphi. The marble slabs of the starting point. T...
The track of the Stadium in Delphi.

#01010341

The track of the Stadium in Delphi.
The Theatre of Delphi,                                 
restored in 159 BCE.

#01010342

The Theatre of Delphi, restored in 159 BCE.
The Theatre of Delphi,                                 
restored in 159 BCE.

#01010343

The Theatre of Delphi, restored in 159 BCE.
Treasure house of the                                  
Siphnians in Delphi,                                   
526-525 BCE.

#01010344

Treasure house of the Siphnians in Delphi,...
The theatre of Priene, one of the best                 
preserved of the early Greek theatres.                 
It could seat 5000 spectators.

#010104 7

The theatre of Priene, one of the best preserved of the early G...
The Theatre of Priene, one of the largest              
of the early Greek theatres, could seat                
5000 spectators. Special front row seats               
(prohedria) were added later for important guests.

#010104 8

The Theatre of Priene, one of the largest of the early Greek theat...
The Hellenistic city of Priene was                     
built on a steep hill.

#010104 9

The Hellenistic city of Priene was built on a steep hill.
The theatre at Iasos. Stairs separated                 
the different sections of the benches                  
for spectators.

#01010410

The theatre at Iasos. Stairs separated the different sections o...
The Agora (marketplace) in Iasos.

#01010412

The Agora (marketplace) in Iasos.
City wall and gate of Pergamon. During the             
reign of Eumenes II (197-159 BCE) Pergamon             
was one of the most important centres of the           
Hellenistic period. The city walls enclosed            
the upper, middle and lower city.

#01010413

City wall and gate of Pergamon. During the reign of Eumenes II (197...
Foundations of the Zeus Altar of Pergamon. The
The altar was built during the reign of Eumenes II
(197-159 BCE). When German engineer Carl Humann
discovered the sculptures of the altar in 1871,
he had them removed to Berlin (Pergamon Museum).

#01010415

Foundations of the Zeus Altar of Pergamon. The The altar was built during the re...
The Trajaneum, Emperor Trajan's Temple at Pergamon.    
It was built on a terrace at the highest point         
of the acropolis, in the center of a square            
surrounded by colonnades. Reconstruction.              
68 x 58 m.

#01010416

The Trajaneum, Emperor Trajan's Temple at Pergamon. It was built on a terrac...
The Trajaneum, Emperor Trajan's Temple in Pergamon,
built on a terrace at the highest point of the
acropolis in a square surrounded by colonnades.
Reconstruction.
68 x 58 m.

#01010417

The Trajaneum, Emperor Trajan's Temple in Pergamon, built on a terrace at the hi...
The pediment of the Zeus Altar of Pergamon.
The altar was erected by Eumenes II around 180 BCE.
It stood at the edge of the hill, overlooking the
plain below.
The altar is now in Berlin (Pergamonmuseum).

#01010418

The pediment of the Zeus Altar of Pergamon. The altar was erected by Eumenes II...
Steps leading up to the Zeus Altar of Pergamon.
The sculptures of the altar were removed in the
19th century and are now in Berlin (Pergamonmuseum).

#01010419

Steps leading up to the Zeus Altar of Pergamon. The sculptures of the altar were...
The gate to the South Agora (market) of Miletos.       
This important settlement in Ionia had four            
harbours and a huge, colonnaded marketplace            
which dates from Hellenistic times.                    
Shops were set up in pairs back to back.

#01010442

The gate to the South Agora (market) of Miletos. This important settlemen...
The Harbour Stoa (market) in Miletos, built            
in Hellenistic times, the harbour stoa had             
64 columns and 30 shops.

#01010443

The Harbour Stoa (market) in Miletos, built in Hellenistic times, th...
Ruins of Milet. Storage building                      
from Helenistic times.

#01010444

Ruins of Milet. Storage building from Helenistic times.
Roman harbour gateway in Miletos. At the               
beginning of Milet's Roman period, a 16-columned       
entrance gave access to the city centre.

#01010445

Roman harbour gateway in Miletos. At the beginning of Milet's Rom...
Remnants of the harbour gateway                        
of Milet, built in Roman times.

#01010447

Remnants of the harbour gateway of Milet, built in Roman...
City walls and fortifications, Selinunte, Sicily       
Destroyed by the Carthaginians in 406 BCE

#01010452

City walls and fortifications, Selinunte, Sicily Destroyed by the Carthag...
Moat and fortifications, Selinunte, Sicily             
Destroyed by the Carthaginians in 406 BCE

#01010453

Moat and fortifications, Selinunte, Sicily Destroyed by the Carthag...
Small city gate and town walls, Selinunte, Sicily      
Walls and fortifications destroyed by the              
Carthaginians in 406 BCE

#01010454

Small city gate and town walls, Selinunte, Sicily Walls and fortifications...
Small gate in city wall with stock-lock for bolting -  
Selinunte, Sicily                                      
Walls and fortifications destroyed by the              
Carthaginians in 406 BCE

#01010455

Small gate in city wall with stock-lock for bolting - Selinunte, Sicily...
Secret passway through city fortifications, Selinunte, 
Sicily. Walls and fortifications destroyed by the      
Carthaginians in 406 BCE

#01010456

Secret passway through city fortifications, Selinunte, Sicily. Walls and fortif...
Concordia temple in Agrigentum, Sicily                 
Doric temple, 112 x 19.70 m

#01010458

Concordia temple in Agrigentum, Sicily Doric temple, 112 x 19.7...
Temple dedicated to Castor and Pollux, Agrigentum,     
Sicily

#01010460

Temple dedicated to Castor and Pollux, Agrigentum, Sicily
Temple dedicated to Castor and Pollux, Agrigentum,     
Sicily

#01010461

Temple dedicated to Castor and Pollux, Agrigentum, Sicily
Doric temple at Segesta, Italy. 61 x 26 m

#01010462

Doric temple at Segesta, Italy. 61 x 26 m
Doric Temple at Segesta, Sicily. 61 x 26 m

#01010463

Doric Temple at Segesta, Sicily. 61 x 26 m
Doric temple at Segesta, Sicily. 61 x 26 m

#01010464

Doric temple at Segesta, Sicily. 61 x 26 m
Doric temple at Segesta, Sicily. 61 x 26 m

#01010465

Doric temple at Segesta, Sicily. 61 x 26 m
Doric column, the simple form used from early times    
in Greece itself

#01010466

Doric column, the simple form used from early times in Greece itself
Ionic column, an ornamental form developed in          
Magna Graecia

#01010467

Ionic column, an ornamental form developed in Magna Graecia
Aeolic column

#01010468

Aeolic column
Corinthian column

#01010469

Corinthian column
Chimaera column, named after the chimaera, a monster   
half lion, half goat, with a serpent for a tail

#01010470

Chimaera column, named after the chimaera, a monster half lion, half goat, wi...
Underground corridor leading to the cell               
of the Cumaean Sibylla (1600-1100 BCE).

#010105 1

Underground corridor leading to the cell of the Cumaean Sibylla (...
City gate of Assos in the Troas,                       
the best preserved in the Greek world.

#010105 2

City gate of Assos in the Troas, the best preserved in t...
Fortifications of Assos, the best preserved            
in the Greek world. The walls are 3 km long.

#010105 3

Fortifications of Assos, the best preserved in the Greek world. The...
The Royal Palace of Knossos.

#010105 6

The Royal Palace of Knossos.
Painted conical columns in                             
the Royal Palace of Knossos.

#010105 7

Painted conical columns in the Royal Palace of Knos...
The ruins of the craftmen's                            
settlement of Gurnia.

#010105 9

The ruins of the craftmen's settlement of Gurnia.
Staircase in the Palace of Phaestos.

#01010510

Staircase in the Palace of Phaestos.
The ruins of ancient Troy,                             
Site of the Trojan War.

#01010511

The ruins of ancient Troy, Site of the Trojan War.
The walls of ancient Troy,                             
site of the Trojan War.

#01010512

The walls of ancient Troy, site of the Trojan War.
Overgrown ruins of the walls of ancient Troy,          
site of the Trojan War.

#01010513

Overgrown ruins of the walls of ancient Troy, site of the Trojan War.
The ruins of ancient Troy,                             
site of the Trojan War.

#01010514

The ruins of ancient Troy, site of the Trojan War.
Town gate of ancient Troy,                             
site of the Trojan War.

#01010515

Town gate of ancient Troy, site of the Trojan War.
Town gate of ancient Troy,                             
site of the Trojan War.

#01010516

Town gate of ancient Troy, site of the Trojan War.
Fortification walls of ancient Troy,                   
site of theTrojan War.

#01010517

Fortification walls of ancient Troy, site of theTrojan War.
Fortification walls of ancient Troy,                   
site of the Trojan War.

#01010518

Fortification walls of ancient Troy, site of the Trojan War.
Fortification walls of ancient Troy,                   
site of the Trojan War.

#01010519

Fortification walls of ancient Troy, site of the Trojan War.
The Trojan Horse, a modern sculpture,                  
as seen from the walls of Troy,                        
site of the Trojan War.

#01010520

The Trojan Horse, a modern sculpture, as seen from the walls o...
Temple of Athena Nike on the Acropolis.

#01010521

Temple of Athena Nike on the Acropolis.
Temple of Athena Nike on the Acropolis.

#01010522

Temple of Athena Nike on the Acropolis.
Temple of Athena Nike on the Acropolis.

#01010523

Temple of Athena Nike on the Acropolis.
The Propylaea seen from the Erechtheion.               
An olive tree stands on the site of the                
sacred olive grove. Entrance gate of the               
Acropolis (5th BCE).

#01010526

The Propylaea seen from the Erechtheion. An olive tree stands on...
The Propylaea seen from the Erechtheion.               
Olive tree on the site of the sacred olive             
grove (5th BCE). Acropolis, Athens, Greece.

#01010527

The Propylaea seen from the Erechtheion. Olive tree on the site o...
The Parthenon, Temple of Athena (5th BCE).             
Acropolis, Athens, Greece.

#01010528

The Parthenon, Temple of Athena (5th BCE). Acropolis, Athens, Greec...
The Acropolis seen from the Areopag (highest tribunal) 
Athens, Greece

#01010529

The Acropolis seen from the Areopag (highest tribunal) Athens, Greece
Lechaion Street, the main street of ancient Roman      
Corinth. In the background Acrocorinth, site of the    
Acropolis and dedicated to Aphrodite. Corinth, Greece

#01010531

Lechaion Street, the main street of ancient Roman Corinth. In the backgrou...
Lechaion Street, main street of ancient Roman Corinth  
and ruins of the Basilica. In the background           
Acrocorinth, site of the Acropolis and                 
dedicated to Aphrodite. Corinth, Greece

#01010532

Lechaion Street, main street of ancient Roman Corinth and ruins of the Basilic...
The Propylaea and the Greek Agora                      
(1st-3rd CE). Corinth, Greece

#01010533

The Propylaea and the Greek Agora (1st-3rd CE). Corinth, G...
Part of a colonnade on the Greek Agora (market place). 
Corinth, Greece

#01010534

Part of a colonnade on the Greek Agora (market place). Corinth, Greece
Temple of Apollo (550-525 BCE). In the background      
Acrocorinth, site of the Acropolis and dedicated to    
Aphrodite. Corinth, Greece

#01010535

Temple of Apollo (550-525 BCE). In the background Acrocorinth, site of the...
Baths of Glauke, daughter of King Kreon                
(1st CE). Corinth, Greece

#01010536

Baths of Glauke, daughter of King Kreon (1st CE). Corinth, Greec...
Bema of Corinth. The bema was always on the agora of   
of a town. When Saint Paul was accused of heresy by    
the Jews,  the Roman governor  Gallio  held court of   
justice on the Bema of Corinth (1st CE). Acrocorinth   
in the background. Corinth, Greece

#01010537

Bema of Corinth. The bema was always on the agora of of a town. When Saint Pa...
Roman Baths. In the background Acrocorinth,            
site of the Acropolis and dedicated to Aphrodite.      
Corinth, Greece

#01010538

Roman Baths. In the background Acrocorinth, site of the Acropolis an...
Giant bases of columns in the Heraion,                 
sanctuary of the goddess Hera (3rd BCE).               
Samos, Greece

#01010540

Giant bases of columns in the Heraion, sanctuary of the goddess...
Giant base of a column in the Heraion,                 
sanctuary of the goddess Hera (3rd BCE).               
Samos, Greece

#01010541

Giant base of a column in the Heraion, sanctuary of the goddess...
Row of bases of columns in the Heraion,                
sancturay of the goddess Hera (3rd BCE).               
Samos, Greece

#01010542

Row of bases of columns in the Heraion, sancturay of the goddess...
Drums of columns in the Heraion,                       
sanctuary of goddess Hera (3rd BCE).                   
Samos, Greece

#01010543

Drums of columns in the Heraion, sanctuary of goddess Her...
The Heraion (3rd BCE),                                 
sanctuary of the goddess Hera.                         
Samos, Greece

#01010544

The Heraion (3rd BCE), sanctuary of the goddess...
Solitary column in the Heraion,                        
sanctuary of the goddess Hera                          
(3rd BCE). Samos, Greece

#01010545

Solitary column in the Heraion, sanctuary of the goddess...
Theatre of the Upper City of Pergamon,                 
altered during Roman time (1st BCE-2nd CE).            
Pergamon, Turkey

#01010546

Theatre of the Upper City of Pergamon, altered during Roman tim...
Theatre of the Upper City of Pergamon,                 
altered during Roman time (1st BCE-3rd CE).            
Pergamon, Turkey

#01010547

Theatre of the Upper City of Pergamon, altered during Roman tim...
Temple of Dionysos,                                    
renovated by Emperor Caracalla                         
(186-217 CE) in marble (3rd CE).                       
Pergamon, Turkey

#01010548

Temple of Dionysos, renovated by Emperor Car...
Corinthian capital (of a column)                       
(3rd BCE). Pergamon, Turkey

#01010549

Corinthian capital (of a column) (3rd BCE). Pergamon, Tur...
Corinthian capitals (of columns)                       
(3rd BCE). Pergamon, Turkey

#01010550

Corinthian capitals (of columns) (3rd BCE). Pergamon, Tur...
Foundations of the Great Altar of Zeus  (Pergamon altar, now Berlin)  
             
(2nd BCE). Pergamon, Turkey

#01010551

Foundations of the Great Altar of Zeus (Pergamon altar, now Berlin)...
The outer wall of the temenos (temple site) of Hera    
Basileia. 3rd BCE,Pergamon,Turkey.

#01010552

The outer wall of the temenos (temple site) of Hera Basileia. 3rd BCE,Pergam...
The Temenos (temple site) of Hera Basileia             
and the stairs leading up to the Temenos               
(around 3rd BCE). Pergamon, Turkey

#01010553

The Temenos (temple site) of Hera Basileia and the stairs leading u...
Ancient harbour basin (6th-1st BCE). Milet, Turkey

#01010554

Ancient harbour basin (6th-1st BCE). Milet, Turkey
Ancient city gate in Perge (around 5th BCE), Turkey.

#01010556

Ancient city gate in Perge (around 5th BCE), Turkey.
Ancient city gate in Perge (around 5th BCE), Turkey.

#01010557

Ancient city gate in Perge (around 5th BCE), Turkey.
Colonnaded street of the forum in Perge                
(around 1st BCE-2nd CE), Turkey

#01010558

Colonnaded street of the forum in Perge (around 1st BCE-2nd CE),...
Ruins of Colossae (around 5th-4th BCE), Turkey.        
Saint Paul wrote to the Christians of Colossae.

#01010559

Ruins of Colossae (around 5th-4th BCE), Turkey. Saint Paul wrote to the...
The Acropolis in Athens seen across the Agora. The for-
tified temple mount of Athens was begun in Mycenean    
times (14th mill. BCE) on a limestone rock 100 m above 
the city. On the plateau the most famous buildings of  
Classical Greece: Parthenon, Erechtheion, Propylaeum.

#010106 1

The Acropolis in Athens seen across the Agora. The for- tified temple mount of A...
The Theatre at Nysa, Turkey.

#010106 9

The Theatre at Nysa, Turkey.
The Bouleutherion (Council Chamber) at Nysa, Turkey.

#01010610

The Bouleutherion (Council Chamber) at Nysa, Turkey.
The Odeion or Concert Hall, Aphrodisias, Turkey.       
It had a sunken orchestra next to the stage.           
The Odeion was connected to the Agora or market        
place through a portico (6th-1st BCE).

#01010625

The Odeion or Concert Hall, Aphrodisias, Turkey. It had a sunken orchestr...
The Roman Aquaeduct of Hierapolis (Pamukkale), Turkey.

#01010626

The Roman Aquaeduct of Hierapolis (Pamukkale), Turkey.
The city gate of Herakleia, Turkey (6th-1st BCE).

#01010632

The city gate of Herakleia, Turkey (6th-1st BCE).
Overall view of the fortifications (6th-1st BCE),      
Herakleia, Turkey.

#01010633

Overall view of the fortifications (6th-1st BCE), Herakleia, Turkey.
House of Hermes on the island of Delos. According      
to Greek myths, this was the island on which Leto gave   
birth to Zeus' twins Apollo and Artemis, but powerful    
merchants' guilds composed of free men and liberated     
slaves, venerated the God of Trade Hermes on Delos.
 (6th-1st BCE).

#01010634

House of Hermes on the island of Delos. According to Greek myths, this wa...
Temple of Isis on the slope of Mount Cynthos,          
island of Delos, Greece (6th-1st BCE).                 
According to Greek myths, Delos was the island         
on which Leto gave birth to Zeus' twins                
Apollo and Artemis.

#01010635

Temple of Isis on the slope of Mount Cynthos, island of Delos, Greece...
House in the Upper Town of Delos, Greece,              
with column and mosaic floor (6th-1st BCE).            
According to Greek myths, Delos was the island         
on which Leto gave birth to Zeus'                      
twins Apollo and Artemis.

#01010636

House in the Upper Town of Delos, Greece, with column and mosaic f...
The theatre of Delos, Greece, has 26 tiers of seats,   
another seventeen in the center, opposite the stage.   
It could seat 5.500 spectators. (6th-1st BCE).         
Delos is the island on which, according to myth,       
Leto gave birth to Zeus'twins Apollo and Artemis.

#01010637

The theatre of Delos, Greece, has 26 tiers of seats, another seventeen in the...
The Exedra, a portico of the Palaestra or gymnasium    
on the island of Delos, Greece, was set apart          
for discussions. Delos, according to Greek myths,      
is the island where Leto gave birth                    
to Zeus' twins Apollo and Artemis.

#01010639

The Exedra, a portico of the Palaestra or gymnasium on the island of Delos,...
Drum of a column with snake design and lead clamp      
to hold drums together (6th-1st BCE), on the island    
of Delos, Greece. Delos, according to Greek myths,     
was the place where Leto gave birth                    
to Zeus' twins Apollo and Artemis.

#01010641

Drum of a column with snake design and lead clamp to hold drums together (...
Bases of columns (6th-1st BCE), island of Delos.       
According to Greek myths, Delos                        
is the place, where Leto gave birth                    
to Zeus' twins Apollo and Artemis.

#01010642

Bases of columns (6th-1st BCE), island of Delos. According to Greek myth...
Honeycomb design on blocks (6th-1st BCE)               
from the piedestal of a temple, island of Delos.       
According to Greek myths, Delos                        
is the place where Leto gave birth                     
to Zeus'twins Apollo and Artemis.

#01010644

Honeycomb design on blocks (6th-1st BCE) from the piedestal of a...
Entrance to the Palace of Mallia, Crete, Greece. Work
on the Palace began in the second millenium and conti-
nued for over 500 years. It may have been destroyed by
the tidal waves caused by the eruption of the volcano
on Santonrin-Thera in 1450 BCE.

#01010647

Entrance to the Palace of Mallia, Crete, Greece. Work on the Palace began in the...
Ruins of the Palace of Mallia, Crete, Greece. Work on  
the palace began in the second millenium and continued 
for over 500 years.It may have been destroyed by the   
tidal waves caused by the eruption of the volcano on   
Santorin-Thera in 1450 BCE.

#01010648

Ruins of the Palace of Mallia, Crete, Greece. Work on the palace began in the...
The palace of Knossos, Crete, Greece. The north en-    
trance consists of a long ramp which continues from    
the harbour road to stairs and a small terrace with    
red columns and a fresco of a bull.

#01010651

The palace of Knossos, Crete, Greece. The north en- trance consists of a lon...
Minoan houses with mud walls in Gournia, Crete, Greece.
It is a Minoan village of the first millenium, with    
two parallel main streets and smaller streets scaling  
the hillside. Houses often had shops on the groundfloor
and living quarters on a top floor.

#01010654

Minoan houses with mud walls in Gournia, Crete, Greece. It is a Minoan village o...
Thera Island (Santorini), Greece, was inhabited by a   
highly civilized population of Cycladic-Minoan culture.
The eruption of the island's volcano around 1450 BCE   
covered with ash what remained of the island. Akrotiri:
A flight of stone steps crushed by the ashes.

#01010655

Thera Island (Santorini), Greece, was inhabited by a highly civilized populat...
The Propylaea, Baalbek, Lebanon.                       
Baalbek was lavishly provided with temples             
by the later Roman emperors, from Antoninus Pius       
(138-151 CE) to Caracalla (212-217 CE).

#01010668

The Propylaea, Baalbek, Lebanon. Baalbek was lavishly pro...
The Propylaea, Baalbek, Lebanon.                       
Baalbek was lavishly provided with temples             
by the later Roman emperors, from Antoninus Pius       
(138-151 CE) to Caracalla (212-217 CE).

#01010669

The Propylaea, Baalbek, Lebanon. Baalbek was lavishly pro...
The Propylaea, Baalbek, Lebanon.                       
Baalbek was lavishly provided with temples by          
the later Roman emperors, from Antoninus Pius          
(138-151 CE) to Caracalla (212-217 CE).

#01010670

The Propylaea, Baalbek, Lebanon. Baalbek was lavishly pro...
Prehistoric cult place on slope of the Buelbueldag.    
Double stone seat (seat of the gods)                   
(10th-6th BCE)                                         
Ephesus, Turkey

#010201 8

Prehistoric cult place on slope of the Buelbueldag. Double stone seat (seat...
Altar of the Artemis Temple (2nd half 4th BCE).        
West view of the foundations.

#010201 9

Altar of the Artemis Temple (2nd half 4th BCE). West view of the foundat...
Column of the Artemis Temple.                          
Interior row of columns                                
Late Classical Period, 5th BCE.

#01020110

Column of the Artemis Temple. Interior row of columns...
The Roman Marnas aqueduct built by C.Sextilius Pollio, 
a two-storey construction, bringing water to Ephesus.  
In the background the plain of Selcuk.

#01020111

The Roman Marnas aqueduct built by C.Sextilius Pollio, a two-storey constructio...
The Roman Marnas aqueduct built by C.Sextilius Pollio, 
a two stories construction spanning Dervant Deresi     
Valley, bringing water to Ephesus, Turkey

#01020112

The Roman Marnas aqueduct built by C.Sextilius Pollio, a two stories constructi...
Cemetery of "Seven Sleepers" (Holy Martyrs of Ephesus).
Crypt with pilfered sarcophagus to the right front.    
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020113

Cemetery of "Seven Sleepers" (Holy Martyrs of Ephesus). Crypt with pilfered sarc...
Lysimachian town wall on the crest of the Buelbueldag. 
View towards the east - Ephesus, Turkey

#01020114

Lysimachian town wall on the crest of the Buelbueldag. View towards the east -...
Lysimachian town wall on the crest of the Buelbueldag. 
View towards the east - Close-up of 01-02-01/14 -      
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020115

Lysimachian town wall on the crest of the Buelbueldag. View towards the east -...
Magnesian Gateway, east view.                          
Saint Paul entered Ephesus through this gate.          
Early Roman construction with three gates.             
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020116

Magnesian Gateway, east view. Saint Paul entered Ephes...
Magnesian Gateway, east view.                          
Saint Paul entered Ephesos by this gate.               
Early Roman construction with three gates.             
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020117

Magnesian Gateway, east view. Saint Paul entered Ephes...
Gymnasium of P. Vedius Antonius (around 150 CE).       
View across the doorway, Ephesus, Turkey

#01020118

Gymnasium of P. Vedius Antonius (around 150 CE). View across the doorway,...
Gymnasium of P. Vedius Antonius. Entrance              
(ca. 150 CE)                                           
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020119

Gymnasium of P. Vedius Antonius. Entrance (ca. 150 CE)...
Double seated marble lavatory with sewage channel      
(ca. 150 CE)                                           
Gymnasium of P. Vedius Antonius                        
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020120

Double seated marble lavatory with sewage channel (ca. 150 CE)...
Double seated marble lavatory with sewage channel      
(ca. 150 CE)                                           
Gymnasium of P. Vedius Antonius                        
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020121

Double seated marble lavatory with sewage channel (ca. 150 CE)...
Stadium of Ephesus, Turkey.                            
South gate of the west facade,                         
enlarged and completed in the 1st CE.

#01020122

Stadium of Ephesus, Turkey. South gate of the west f...
The Harbour Thermae - Ephesus, Turkey

#01020123

The Harbour Thermae - Ephesus, Turkey
Vault-supporting pillar in the caldarium               
of the harbour thermae. Ephesus, Turkey

#01020124

Vault-supporting pillar in the caldarium of the harbour thermae....
The Harbour Thermae - Ephesus, Turkey

#01020125

The Harbour Thermae - Ephesus, Turkey
The Arkadiane. Main street, west view.                 
Built by Emperor Arcadius (395-408)                    
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020126

The Arkadiane. Main street, west view. Built by Emperor Arcadiu...
The Arkadiane. Main street.                            
Built by Emperor Arcadius (395-408)                    
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020127

The Arkadiane. Main street. Built by Emperor Arcadiu...
The Arkadiane. Main street. Pavement with chiselled    
game boards. Built by Emperor Arcadius (395-408)       
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020128

The Arkadiane. Main street. Pavement with chiselled game boards. Built by Em...
Pedestals of Corinthian columns in the entry hall of   
the Serapeion. Temple of the Egyptian god Serapis.     
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020129

Pedestals of Corinthian columns in the entry hall of the Serapeion. Temple of...
View from the interior of the cella of the Serapeion,  
temple of the Egyptian god Serapis, towards the entry. 
Marble pavement with rills of heavy entrance gate wings
(1st-3rd CE). Ephesus, Turkey

#01020130

View from the interior of the cella of the Serapeion, temple of the Egyptian g...
View towards the harbour from the Serapeion,           
temple of the Egyptian god Serapis.                    
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020131

View towards the harbour from the Serapeion, temple of the Egyptian g...
Corinthian columns of the east hall in the market place
(tetragonos agora), renovated under the reign of       
Emperor Caracalla (211-217 CE).                        
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020132

Corinthian columns of the east hall in the market place (tetragonos agora), reno...
Corinthian columns of the east hall in the market place
(tetragonos agora), north view. Renovated under        
Emperor Caracalla (211-217 CE) - Ephesus, Turkey

#01020133

Corinthian columns of the east hall in the market place (tetragonos agora), nort...
The market place (tetragonos agora).                   
Renovated under Emperor Caracalla (211-217 CE).        
In the background Panayirdag.                          
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020134

The market place (tetragonos agora). Renovated under Emperor...
Market place overgrown by blooming vegetation (Ferrula 
communis). The place was renovated under the reign of  
Emperor Caracalla (211-217 CE) - Ephesus, Turkey

#01020135

Market place overgrown by blooming vegetation (Ferrula communis). The place was...
Sacred Way leading to Celsus Library.                  
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020136

Sacred Way leading to Celsus Library. Ephesus, Turkey
The Theatre of Ephesus, Turkey.                        
Saint Paul preached here.                              
Reconstructed 1st BCE and 1st CE.

#01020137

The Theatre of Ephesus, Turkey. Saint Paul preached here...
The Arkadiane. Main street. View towards the theatre   
and the slope of the Panayirdag. The Arkadiane was     
built by the East Roman Emperor Arcadius (395-408 CE)  
Saint Paul preached in the theatre.                    
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020138

The Arkadiane. Main street. View towards the theatre and the slope of the Pan...
Main stairway of the theatre, built under Lysimachos,  
reconstructed during 1st BCE and 1st CE.               
Saint Paul preached here.                              
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020139

Main stairway of the theatre, built under Lysimachos, reconstructed during 1st...
The theatre of Ephesos, built under Lysimachos.        
The theatre was reconstructed during 1st               
BCE and 1st CE. Saint Paul preached here.              
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020140

The theatre of Ephesos, built under Lysimachos. The theatre was reconstr...
The theatre of Ephesus, built under Lysimachos. A Narow
leads to the upper seats. - The theatre was            
reconstructed during 1st BCE and 1st CE.               
Saint Paul preached here.                              
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020141

The theatre of Ephesus, built under Lysimachos. A Narow leads to the upper seats...
The theatre of Ephesus, built under Lysimachos.        
View towards the audience. - The theatre               
was reconstructed during 1st BCE and 1st CE.           
Saint Paul preached here.                              
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020142

The theatre of Ephesus, built under Lysimachos. View towards the audienc...
The Octagon, tomb of a young girl,                     
near the street of the Kuretes.                        
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020143

The Octagon, tomb of a young girl, near the street of the K...
Temple of Emperor Hadrian. View from the slope-houses  
across the street of the Kuretes towards the front.    
Originally built for Trajan (98-117), then dedicated   
to Hadrian (117-138) - Ephesus, Turkey

#01020144

Temple of Emperor Hadrian. View from the slope-houses across the street of the...
Temple of Emperor Hadrian, west front.                 
Pedestals for bronze statues of Tetrarchs.             
Originally built for Trajan, then dedicated to Hadrian 
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020145

Temple of Emperor Hadrian, west front. Pedestals for bronze sta...
Temple of Emperor Trajan (98-117)                      
on the street of the Kuretes.                          
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020146

Temple of Emperor Trajan (98-117) on the street of the Kur...
Temple of Emperor Trajan (98-117)                      
on the street of the Kuretes.                          
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020147

Temple of Emperor Trajan (98-117) on the street of the Kur...
Stairway between the slope-houses (Buelbueldag)        
inhabited from 1st BCE to approximately 6th CE.        
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020148

Stairway between the slope-houses (Buelbueldag) inhabited from 1st BCE t...
Entrance into one of the slope-houses (Buelbueldag)    
along the stairway, inhabited from 1st BCE to          
approximately 6th CE.                                  
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020149

Entrance into one of the slope-houses (Buelbueldag) along the stairway, inha...
Facade of a slope-house (Buelbueldag),                 
inhabited from 1st BCE to approximately 6th CE.        
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020150

Facade of a slope-house (Buelbueldag), inhabited from 1st BCE t...
Street of the Kuretes, Memmius building,               
Scholastica thermae,                                   
Celsus library.                                        
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020151

Street of the Kuretes, Memmius building, Scholastica thermae,...
Gate of Herakles in the street of the Kuretes.         
In the background statue of C. Memmius                 
(late 1st BCE)                                         
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020152

Gate of Herakles in the street of the Kuretes. In the background statue...
Street of the Kuretes. Statue                          
(late 1st BCE) of Consul Memmius,                      
grandson of Roman Consul Sulla.                        
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020153

Street of the Kuretes. Statue (late 1st BCE) of Consul...
Street of the Kuretes,                                 
top end towards the Clivius Sacer.                     
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020154

Street of the Kuretes, top end towards the Cliv...
Street of the Kuretes - Ephesus, Turkey

#01020155

Street of the Kuretes - Ephesus, Turkey
Clivus Sacer, part of the former Sacred Way, connects  
the street of the Kuretes with the sanctuary of Hestia 
Boulaia on the Eleuthera Agora - Ephesus, Turkey

#01020156

Clivus Sacer, part of the former Sacred Way, connects the street of the Kurete...
Basilica on the Eleuthera Agora, nave and two aisles   
(4-14 CE). View from north aisle westward to columns.  
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020157

Basilica on the Eleuthera Agora, nave and two aisles (4-14 CE). View from nor...
Prytaneion, official residence of the chief priest     
of Ephesus. View from Buelbueldag-mountain. Doric      
columns with the names of the Kuretes, mythological    
demons.

#01020158

Prytaneion, official residence of the chief priest of Ephesus. View from Bu...
Rhodian peristyle, near the temples of Dea Roma        
and Divus Julius. View towards a Ionian column         
across the west entrance of the Bouleuterium.          
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020159

Rhodian peristyle, near the temples of Dea Roma and Divus Julius. View t...
Bouleuterium on Eleuthera Agora (government area).     
View across west entrance gate - Ephesus, Turkey

#01020160

Bouleuterium on Eleuthera Agora (government area). View across west entranc...
Bouleuterium on Eleuthera Agora (government area).     
Entrance gate - Ephesus, Turkey

#01020161

Bouleuterium on Eleuthera Agora (government area). Entrance gate - Ephesus,...
Bouleuterium on Eleuthera Agora (government area).     
View towards east seats of audience and orchestra.     
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020162

Bouleuterium on Eleuthera Agora (government area). View towards east seats...
Floor heating in the Caldarium of the Varius thermae.  
Eleuthera Agora - Ephesus, Turkey

#01020163

Floor heating in the Caldarium of the Varius thermae. Eleuthera Agora - Ephesu...
Bouleuterium on Eleuthera Agora (government area).     
Rows of seats - Ephesus, Turkey

#01020164

Bouleuterium on Eleuthera Agora (government area). Rows of seats - Ephesus,...
Church of Saint Mary. Columnal basilica.               
View of nave towards east, rebuilt 6th-7th CE.         
Basilica with pillars (mid 7th CE).

#01020165

Church of Saint Mary. Columnal basilica. View of nave towards eas...
Basilica of Saint John Baptist.                        
View towards columns of the south transept,            
Byzantine sarcophagus in left foreground.              
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020166

Basilica of Saint John Baptist. View towards columns of...
Basilica of Saint John Baptist.                        
View from the Baptisterium south towards nave.         
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020167

Basilica of Saint John Baptist. View from the Baptisteri...
Facade of the library of Tiberius Julius Celsus,       
governor of the province of Asia, erected by           
his son Tiberius Julius Aquila after 117 CE.           
View from the street of the Kuretes.                   
Ephesus, Turkey.

#01020168

Facade of the library of Tiberius Julius Celsus, governor of the province...
Facade of the library of Tiberius Julius Celsus,       
governor of the province of Asia, erected by his       
son Tiberius Julius Aquila. After 117 CE.              
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020169

Facade of the library of Tiberius Julius Celsus, governor of the province...
Facade of the library of Tiberius Julius Celsus,       
governor of the province of Asia, erected by           
his son Tiberius Julius Aquila. After 117 CE.          
Ephesus, Turkey

#01020170

Facade of the library of Tiberius Julius Celsus, governor of the province...
View of ruins of temples B and D seen from temple G.   
Selinunte,Sicily,Italy.

#01020212

View of ruins of temples B and D seen from temple G. Selinunte,Sicily,Italy.
Base of a small sanctuary.                             
Selinunte,Sicily,Italy

#01020213

Base of a small sanctuary. Selinunte,Sicily,Italy
Base of a small sanctuary.                             
Selinunte,Sicily,Italy

#01020214

Base of a small sanctuary. Selinunte,Sicily,Italy
Citywall of Selinunte;the city was totally destroyed,  
the inhabitants abducted in 409 BCE.

#01020216

Citywall of Selinunte;the city was totally destroyed, the inhabitants abducted...
Ruins of temple C,Selinunte,Sicily,Italy.

#01020217

Ruins of temple C,Selinunte,Sicily,Italy.
Ruins of temple C,Selinunte,Sicily,Italy.

#01020218

Ruins of temple C,Selinunte,Sicily,Italy.
Ruins of temple C,Selinunte,Sicily,Italy.

#01020219

Ruins of temple C,Selinunte,Sicily,Italy.
Ruins of temple C,Selinunte,Sicily,Italy.

#01020220

Ruins of temple C,Selinunte,Sicily,Italy.
Doric Temple in Segesta,Sicily,425 BCE-406 BCE,when    
the city was destroyed by Agathocles of Syracuse.      
View from Monte Barbaro.       61 x 26 m

#01020221

Doric Temple in Segesta,Sicily,425 BCE-406 BCE,when the city was destroyed b...
Doric Temple in Segesta,Sicily,425 BCE-406 BCE,when    
the city was destroyed by Agathocles of Syracuse.      
61 x 26 m

#01020222

Doric Temple in Segesta,Sicily,425 BCE-406 BCE,when the city was destroyed b...
Doric Temple in Segesta,Sicily,425 BCE-406 BCE,when    
the city was destroyed by Agathocles of Syracuse.      
61 x 26 m

#01020223

Doric Temple in Segesta,Sicily,425 BCE-406 BCE,when the city was destroyed b...
Citywall and Concordia Temple,Agrigentum,Sicily.

#01020224

Citywall and Concordia Temple,Agrigentum,Sicily.
Concordia temple in Agrigentum, Sicily                 
Doric temple, 112 x 19.70 m

#01020225

Concordia temple in Agrigentum, Sicily Doric temple, 112 x 19.7...
Concordia temple in Agrigentum, Sicily                 
Doric temple, 112 x 19.70 m

#01020226

Concordia temple in Agrigentum, Sicily Doric temple, 112 x 19.7...
The "Ear of Dionys",tyrant of Siracuse (367-344 BCE).  
Artificial grotto,according to legend its excellent    
accustics permitted the tyrant to listen to the        
conversations of his prisoners kept in the grotto.

#01020227

The "Ear of Dionys",tyrant of Siracuse (367-344 BCE). Artificial grotto,accord...
The "Ear of Dionys",tyrant of Siracuse (367-344 BCE).  
Artificial grotto,according to legend its excellent    
accustics permitted the tyrant to listen to the        
conversations of his prisoners kept in the grotto.

#01020228

The "Ear of Dionys",tyrant of Siracuse (367-344 BCE). Artificial grotto,accord...
The "Ear of Dionys",tyrant of Siracuse (367-344 BCE).  
Artificial grotto,according to legend its excellent    
accustics permitted the tyrant to listen to the        
conversations of his prisoners kept in the grotto.

#01020229

The "Ear of Dionys",tyrant of Siracuse (367-344 BCE). Artificial grotto,accord...
Greek theatre,61 rows of seats,15.000 spectators.      
Aischylos' "Persians" were performed here in 472 BCE.  
Syracuse,Sicily,Italy.

#01020239

Greek theatre,61 rows of seats,15.000 spectators. Aischylos' "Persians" we...
Servian fortification wall near the railway            
station in Rome, Italy, erroneously named after        
the Etruscan king Servius Tullius (578-534 BCE),       
built around 390 BCE after the invasion of the Gauls.

#010301 2

Servian fortification wall near the railway station in Rome, Italy,...
Servian fortification wall near the railway            
station in Rome, Italy, erroneously named after        
the Roman King Servius Tullius (578-534 BCE),          
built around 390 BCE after the invasion of the         
Gauls. Detail of 01-03-01/2

#010301 3

Servian fortification wall near the railway station in Rome, Italy,...
Morning mist on the Forum Romanum,Rome.

#010301 4

Morning mist on the Forum Romanum,Rome.
Temple of Vesta, keeper of the eternal fire. The High- 
Priestess was always accompanied by a college of       
Vestalian virgins. Because of the eternal fire, the    
temple burnt down six times and was restored for the   
last time in 191 CE by the wife of Septimus Severus.

#010301 5

Temple of Vesta, keeper of the eternal fire. The High- Priestess was always acc...
Temple of Vesta, keeper of the eternal fire. The High- 
Priestess was always accompanied by a college of       
Vestalian virgins. Because of the eternal fire, the    
temple burnt down six times and was restored for the   
last time in 191 CE by the wife of Septimus Severus.

#010301 6

Temple of Vesta, keeper of the eternal fire. The High- Priestess was always acc...
Temple of the Dioscuri on the Forum in Rome.           
Only three columns remain. Erected 484 BCE in          
memory of the aid of the Dioscuri Castor and           
Pollux, twin sons of Zeus, in Rome's battle            
against Latins and Tarquinians in 496 BCE.

#010301 7

Temple of the Dioscuri on the Forum in Rome. Only three columns remai...
Lacus Juturnae on the Forum in Rome, spring            
of the goddess Juturna where Castor and                
Pollux watered their horses after the battle           
of Lake Regillus against Latins and Tarquinians        
in 496 BCE.

#010301 8

Lacus Juturnae on the Forum in Rome, spring of the goddess Juturna w...
Arch of Titus on the Forum in Rome, erected by         
Emperor Domitian (51-96) in 81 CE in memory of         
the conquest of Jerusalem in 70 CE by Emperor          
Vespasian (9-79 CE) and his son Titus (39-81 CE).

#010301 9

Arch of Titus on the Forum in Rome, erected by Emperor Domitian (51-96)...
The Colosseum or Flavian Amphitheatre in               
Rome, built by the Emperors Vespasian and              
Titus between 72 and 80 CE.

#01030111

The Colosseum or Flavian Amphitheatre in Rome, built by the Emper...
The Colosseum or Flavian Amphitheatre in               
Rome, built by the Emperors Vespasian and              
Titus between 72 and 80 CE.

#01030112

The Colosseum or Flavian Amphitheatre in Rome, built by the Emper...
The Pantheon in Rome, erected in 17 BCE by
the Roman general Marcus Agrippa (64-12 CE).
It was destroyed by fire in 80 CE and rebuilt
under Emperor Hadrian (76-138 CE) in 110 CE.

#01030113

The Pantheon in Rome, erected in 17 BCE by the Roman general Marcus Agrippa (64-...
Round temple of Vesta on the banks of the              
Tiber, originally dedicated to Portumnus,              
a river god, or to Sol, the sun. Classic               
style of the Augustean era, Rome, Italy.

#01030114

Round temple of Vesta on the banks of the Tiber, originally dedica...
Round temple of Vesta on the banks of the              
Tiber, originally dedicated to Portumnus,              
a river god, or to Sol, the sun. View through          
the columns. Classic style of the Augustean            
era, Rome, Italy.

#01030115

Round temple of Vesta on the banks of the Tiber, originally dedica...
Tomb of Scipio Hispanus (Africanus Minor, 185-129 BCE) 
on the Via Appia Antiqua in Rome.

#01030116

Tomb of Scipio Hispanus (Africanus Minor, 185-129 BCE) on the Via Appia Antiqua...
Tomb of Pomponius Hylas (1st CE)                       
in the Columbarium of the Via Appia Antica,Rome

#01030117

Tomb of Pomponius Hylas (1st CE) in the Columbarium of th...
Pyramid-tomb of the praetor C. Cestius                 
(11 CE) on the road from Rome to Ostia.

#01030118

Pyramid-tomb of the praetor C. Cestius (11 CE) on the road from...
Tomb of Caecilia Metella on Via Appia Antica, Rome.    
Inscription "To C.M., daughter of Metellus Creticus... 
spouse of M.L.Crassus, Caesar's general..."stresses    
influence of the two aristocratic families. Largest    
building(1st BCE) on Via Appia,traversine on brick core

#01030119

Tomb of Caecilia Metella on Via Appia Antica, Rome. Inscription "To C.M., da...
Mamertine or Tullian prison on the Forum in Rome,      
called after Servius Tullius, 6th King of Rome.        
This is the jail where Vercingetorix and Jughurta      
died and Saint Peter was imprisoned.

#01030120

Mamertine or Tullian prison on the Forum in Rome, called after Servius Tul...
Aqua Claudia outside Rome. The first                   
aqueduct built through the Roman countryside           
by Appius Claudius, consul in 312 BCE.

#01030125

Aqua Claudia outside Rome. The first aqueduct built through t...
Aqua Claudia outside Rome. The first                   
aqueduct built through the Roman countryside           
by Appius Claudius, consul in 312 BCE.

#01030126

Aqua Claudia outside Rome. The first aqueduct built through t...
Shrine of Mithras in the lower church
of San Clemente in Rome, confiscated in
303 CE by virtue of the Edict of Diocletian
and handed over to the priests of Mithras.

#01030127

Shrine of Mithras in the lower church of San Clemente in Rome, confiscated in 30...
Sanctuary of Mithras in the lower church
of San Clemente in Rome, confiscated in
303 CE by virtue of the Edict of Diocletian
and handed over to the priests of Mithras.

#01030128

Sanctuary of Mithras in the lower church of San Clemente in Rome, confiscated in...
Market place of the Roman harbour of                   
Puteoli (now Pozzuoli) near Naples.                    
Saint Paul landed here on his voyages                  
to Judaeo-Christian communities.

#01030129

Market place of the Roman harbour of Puteoli (now Pozzuoli) n...
Market place of the Roman harbour of                   
Puteoli (now Pozzuoli) near Naples.                    
Saint Paul landed here on his voyages                  
to Judaeo-Christian communities.

#01030130

Market place of the Roman harbour of Puteoli (now Pozzuoli) n...
Tres Taverne, 50 km south of Rome.                     
Saint Paul was greeted here by                         
members of the Jewish colony of Rome.

#01030131

Tres Taverne, 50 km south of Rome. Saint Paul was greeted h...
Trajan's Table on the river bank of the Danube.
Memorial to Emperor Trajan's (53 CE-117 CE)
bridge across the Danube (105 CE)
downstream from the Iron Gate.

#01030132

Trajan's Table on the river bank of the Danube. Memorial to Emperor Trajan's (5...
Remnants of Emperor Trajan's bridge
across the Danube, downstream from the
Iron Gate. First solid bridge built
by the Romans on the Danube (105 CE).

#01030133

Remnants of Emperor Trajan's bridge across the Danube, downstream from the Iro...
Ruins of the Tropaeum Trajanum near
Adamclissi. Remnants of the base.
Height 40 m. Built by Emperor Trajan (53 CE-117CE)
to commemorate his victory over the
Dacians.

#01030134

Ruins of the Tropaeum Trajanum near Adamclissi. Remnants of the base. Height 4...
Ruins of the Tropaeum Trajanum near
Adamclissi. Remnants of the base.
Height 40 m. Built by Emperor Trajan (53 CE-117 CE)
to commemorate his victory over the Dacians.

#01030135

Ruins of the Tropaeum Trajanum near Adamclissi. Remnants of the base. Height 4...
Ruins of the Tropaeum Trajanum near
Adamclissi. Remnants of the base.
Height 40 m. Built by Emperor Trajan (53 CE-117 CE)
to commemorate his victory over the Dacians.

#01030136

Ruins of the Tropaeum Trajanum near Adamclissi. Remnants of the base. Height 4...
Ruins of the Tropaeum Trajanum near
Adamclissi. Remnants of the base.
Height 40 m. Built by Emperor Trajan (53 CE-117 CE)
to commemorate his victory over the Dacians.

#01030137

Ruins of the Tropaeum Trajanum near Adamclissi. Remnants of the base. Height 4...
Ruins of Aquincum (Roman settlement in Budapest), originally a Celtic settlement. In Roman times it served as a military base, a "castrum" as part of the limes. By the end of the 2nd century, the city had around 30.000 to 40.000 inhabitants and covered a large part of today's Budapest.

#01030141

Ruins of Aquincum (Roman settlement in Budapest), originally a Celtic settlement...
"Heidentor" (Porta pagana).                            
Probably remnants of a triumphal                       
arch for the solemn entry of an                        
emperor into the legion's camp                         
of Carnuntum.

#01030142

"Heidentor" (Porta pagana). Probably remnants of a t...
Roman encampment Carnuntum near                        
Petronell. View across market in                       
the centre of the civilian town.

#01030143

Roman encampment Carnuntum near Petronell. View across m...
Roman encampment near Petronell.                       
View across the market in the                          
centre of the civilian town.

#01030144

Roman encampment near Petronell. View across the market i...
The bishop's church of Aguntum,                        
once a Celto-Roman temple, in                          
Lavant, Carinthia.

#01030145

The bishop's church of Aguntum, once a Celto-Roman templ...
Roadsign pointing to the Limes. The Limes              
was a Roman fortification line stretching              
across Europe from the Lower Rhine to the              
Danube in Romania. It was begun under Domitian         
in 84 CE and continued by later emperors.

#01030146

Roadsign pointing to the Limes. The Limes was a Roman fortificatio...
The Roman fort Abusina on the Limes. The Limes         
was a Roman fortification line stretching across       
Europe from the Lower Rhine to the Danube in           
Romania. It was begun under Domitian in 84 CE          
and continued by later emperors.

#01030147

The Roman fort Abusina on the Limes. The Limes was a Roman fortificatio...
Porta Nigra, a Roman citygate of Trier.

#01030149

Porta Nigra, a Roman citygate of Trier.
Porta Nigra, a Roman citygate of Trier.

#01030150

Porta Nigra, a Roman citygate of Trier.
Porta Nigra, a Roman citygate of Trier.

#01030151

Porta Nigra, a Roman citygate of Trier.
Eastern town wall of Philippi, site of the             
battle of Brutus and Cassius against Marc              
Anton in 42 BCE. Saint Paul was in prison here.

#01030153

Eastern town wall of Philippi, site of the battle of Brutus and Cas...
The Roman Forum of Thessaloniki.                       
Saint Paul preached here.

#01030154

The Roman Forum of Thessaloniki. Saint Paul preached here...
The Via Egnatia near Philippi.                         
Saint Paul travelled on this                           
road on his voyage to Rome.

#01030155

The Via Egnatia near Philippi. Saint Paul travelled on...
Troas, Turkey. Hellenistic-Roman site.                 
Saint Paul embarked here for Greece                    
and Rome.

#01030156

Troas, Turkey. Hellenistic-Roman site. Saint Paul embarked here...
Roman bridge in the Taurus Mountains,                  
150 km north of Antalya, Turkey.                       
Saint Paul crossed this bridge on                      
his missions.

#01030157

Roman bridge in the Taurus Mountains, 150 km north of Antalya,...
City gate of Tarsus (Cleopatra's gate).                
Saint Paul was born in Tarsus.

#01030158

City gate of Tarsus (Cleopatra's gate). Saint Paul was born in T...
Aqueduct of Laodicea. Saint Paul                       
passed here on his mission.

#01030159

Aqueduct of Laodicea. Saint Paul passed here on his missi...
Ruins of the market-place at Laodicea.                 
Saint Paul preached here.

#01030160

Ruins of the market-place at Laodicea. Saint Paul preached here...
Aqueduct of Antioch in Pisidia.                        
Saint Paul passed here on his mission.

#01030161

Aqueduct of Antioch in Pisidia. Saint Paul passed here o...
Seleukia. Harbour jetty of                             
Antioch/Antakya. Saint Paul                            
landed here coming from Cyprus.

#01030163

Seleukia. Harbour jetty of Antioch/Antakya. Saint P...
Seleukia. Harbour jetty of                             
Antioch/Antakya. Saint Paul                            
landed here coming from Cyprus.

#01030164

Seleukia. Harbour jetty of Antioch/Antakya. Saint P...
Seleukia, harbour wall of                              
Antioch/Antakya. Saint Paul                            
landed here coming from Cyprus.

#01030165

Seleukia, harbour wall of Antioch/Antakya. Saint P...
Actors' entrance to the stage of the theatre           
at Iasos, Turkey.

#01030167

Actors' entrance to the stage of the theatre at Iasos, Turkey.
Madrasa Sahrij in the Andalusian Quarter of Fes,
Morocco. The Madrasa was built in 1302 under Sultan
Abu el Hassan.Woodwork of cedar wood. Rectangular
ablution pool.

#020101 1

Madrasa Sahrij in the Andalusian Quarter of Fes, Morocco. The Madrasa was built...
Madrasa Attarine, Fez,early 14th. Ablution basin       
in the form of a flower; woodwork of cedar wood.       
The rooms for students are on the first floor.

#020101 2

Madrasa Attarine, Fez,early 14th. Ablution basin in the form of a flower;...
Madrasa Bou Inania, founded by Sultan Abu Inan,        
middle of the 14th. Marble and onyx floor in the       
courtyard,circular ablution basin; woodwork of cedar   
wood. Students' quarters on the first floor.

#020101 3

Madrasa Bou Inania, founded by Sultan Abu Inan, middle of the 14th. Marb...
Madrasa Bou Inania, founded by Sultan Abu Inan,        
middle of the 14th. Marble and onyx floor in the       
courtyard; woodwork of cedar wood.Students' quarters   
on the first floor.

#020101 4

Madrasa Bou Inania, founded by Sultan Abu Inan, middle of the 14th. Marb...
Mosque Qarawyin, Fez; view over the roofs of the       
mosque towards the minaret built 956 CE. Last enlarge- 
ment under the Almoravid sultans (1062-1147);the mosque
has room for 20.000 people.

#020101 5

Mosque Qarawyin, Fez; view over the roofs of the mosque towards the minar...
Mosque Qarawyin, Fez; view into the courtyard of the   
mosque towards the minaret built 956 CE. Last enlarge- 
ment under the Almoravid sultans (1062-1147);the mosque
has room for 20.000 people.

#020101 6

Mosque Qarawyin, Fez; view into the courtyard of the mosque towards the minar...
Mosque Qarawyin, Fez; view from the main entrance      
into the courtyard with ablution basin.Last enlargement
under the Almoravid sultans (1062-1147); the mosque    
has room for 20.000 people.

#020101 7

Mosque Qarawyin, Fez; view from the main entrance into the courtyard with...
Ouadaia gate, Rabat. Part of the Ouadaia-Kasbah        
(fortress), built end 12th by Jacub el-Mansur on       
the highest elevation of the city.

#020101 9

Ouadaia gate, Rabat. Part of the Ouadaia-Kasbah (fortress), built end 12...
Remains of the largest 12th century mosque and the     
unfinished Minaret called "Hassan-tower". Built by     
Jacub el-Mansur around 1196, for the use of a large    
garrison,the mosque with its 400 pillars was never     
finished.

#02010110

Remains of the largest 12th century mosque and the unfinished Minaret calle...
Hassan tower,the minaret of the unfinished Almohad     
mosque in Rabat. The tower now has a height ot 40 m,   
but was supposed to reach 60 m when finished.It is     
almost similar to two other famous 12th c. minarets,   
the Qutubia in Marrakech and the Giralda in Sevilla.

#02010111

Hassan tower,the minaret of the unfinished Almohad mosque in Rabat. The tow...
Courtyard of Madrasa Ben Yussuf,Marrakesh; built       
around 1570 by sultan Mulay Abdullah.

#02010112

Courtyard of Madrasa Ben Yussuf,Marrakesh; built around 1570 by sultan Mu...
Qubba Ba'Adiyn, a cupola above an ancient water-basin  
of the 12th. From the basin, 12th-century water pipes  
brought water to various fountains in Marrakesh.

#02010113

Qubba Ba'Adiyn, a cupola above an ancient water-basin of the 12th. From the ba...
Mosque in Tinmel,Morocco, 1153-1154                    
Abandoned after the fall of the Almohads, Tinmal       
is now being restored.

#02010120

Mosque in Tinmel,Morocco, 1153-1154 Abandoned after the fall...
Mosque in Tinmel,Morocco, 1153-1154                    
Abandoned after the fall of the Almohads, Tinmal       
is now being restored.

#02010121

Mosque in Tinmel,Morocco, 1153-1154 Abandoned after the fall...
Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Tulun, built 876-879, the oldest   
functioning mosque in Cairo. Congregational courtyard, 
minaret probably inspired by the great mosque of       
Samarra (Iraq), which in turn is reminiscent of the    
zigurrats of ancient Babylon.

#02010128

Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Tulun, built 876-879, the oldest functioning mosque in Ca...
Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Tulun, built 876-879, the oldest   
functioning mosque in Cairo. Congregational courtyard, 
minaret probably inspired by the great mosque of       
Samarra (Iraq), which in turn is reminiscent of the    
zigurrats of ancient Babylon.

#02010129

Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Tulun, built 876-879, the oldest functioning mosque in Ca...
Mosque al-Ahzar,foremost center of theology in Islam   
and, with Moroccan Fes, the world's oldest university, 
begun 970 CE. The central court of the Fatimid period  
(969-1171).

#02010130

Mosque al-Ahzar,foremost center of theology in Islam and, with Moroccan Fes,...
Mosque al-Ahzar,foremost center of theology in Islam   
and, with Moroccan Fes, the world's oldest university, 
begun 970 CE. The aisles of the sanctuary hall.

#02010131

Mosque al-Ahzar,foremost center of theology in Islam and, with Moroccan Fes,...
Madrasa of Sultan Hasan al-Nasir,Mamluk-style.         
1356-1363. Sultan Hasan was assassinated in 1361;      
when one of the two minarets toppled in 1360 and       
killed 300 people, the minaret was left unfinished     
and is now shorter.

#02010132

Madrasa of Sultan Hasan al-Nasir,Mamluk-style. 1356-1363. Sultan Hasan...
Complex of Sultan al-Ashraf Qaytbay,1474-1475.         
Late Mamluk architecture, a madrasa, the Sultan's tomb 
and a mosque.

#02010133

Complex of Sultan al-Ashraf Qaytbay,1474-1475. Late Mamluk architecture...
Complex of Sultan al-Ashraf Qaytbay,1474-1475.         
Late Mamluk architecture, a madrasa, the Sultan's tomb 
and a mosque.                                          
The dome of Sultan Qaytbay's tomb-mosque.

#02010134

Complex of Sultan al-Ashraf Qaytbay,1474-1475. Late Mamluk architecture...
Complex of Sultan al-Ashraf Qaytbay,1474-1475.         
Late Mamluk architecture, a madrasa, the Sultan's tomb 
and a mosque.                                          
Interior of the dome of Sultan Qaytbay's tomb-mosque.

#02010135

Complex of Sultan al-Ashraf Qaytbay,1474-1475. Late Mamluk architecture...
Ben Ezra-synagogue,Cairo.A prior synagogue was         
destroyed by the Romans.Later it became St.Michael's   
Church,the last Melchite,Monophysite church in Cairo.  
During the 13th century it was returned to its former  
use as a synagogue.

#02010139

Ben Ezra-synagogue,Cairo.A prior synagogue was destroyed by the Romans....
Mosque in Tinmel,Morocco, 1153-1154                    
Abandoned after the fall of the Almohads, Tinmal       
is now being restored.

#02010158

Mosque in Tinmel,Morocco, 1153-1154 Abandoned after the fall...
Minaret of Shellah, the cemetery of the Merinid        
sultans in Rabat. The minaret was built under sultan   
Abu Hassan, the last Merinid ruler to be buried in     
Shellah in 1351.

#02010159

Minaret of Shellah, the cemetery of the Merinid sultans in Rabat. The mi...
The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful  
caids of the berber tribe of Glaoua built many kasbahs 
in the mountains south of Marrakesh.Telouet was the    
seat of Si Thami al-Glaoui(died 1956),a power-broker   
between the French and the sultans.The courtyard.

#02010160

The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful caids of the berber trib...
The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful  
caids of the berber tribe of Glaoua built many kasbahs 
in the mountains south of Marrakesh.Telouet was the    
seat of Si Thami al-Glaoui(died 1956),a power-broker   
between the French and the sultans.Tiled walls.

#02010161

The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful caids of the berber trib...
The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful  
caids of the berber tribe of Glaoua built many kasbahs 
in the mountains south of Marrakesh.Telouet was the    
seat of Si Thami al-Glaoui(died 1956),a power-broker   
between the French and the sultans.The courtyard.

#02010162

The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful caids of the berber trib...
The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful  
caids of the berber tribe of Glaoua built many kasbahs 
in the mountains south of Marrakesh.Telouet was the    
seat of Si Thami al-Glaoui(died 1956),a power-broker   
between the French and the sultans.Cedar-wood door.

#02010163

The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful caids of the berber trib...
The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful  
caids of the berber tribe of Glaoua built many kasbahs 
in the mountains south of Marrakesh.Telouet was the    
seat of Si Thami al-Glaoui(died 1956),a power-broker   
between the French and the sultans.Old cedar-wood door.

#02010164

The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful caids of the berber trib...
The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful  
caids of the berber tribe of Glaoua built many kasbahs 
in the mountains south of Marrakesh.Telouet was the    
seat of Si Thami al-Glaoui(died 1956),a power-broker   
between the French and the sultans.Second courtyard.

#02010165

The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful caids of the berber trib...
The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful  
caids of the berber tribe of Glaoua built many kasbahs 
in the mountains south of Marrakesh.Telouet was the    
seat of Si Thami al-Glaoui(died 1956),a power-broker   
in Moroccan politics. Marble stucco in a vault.

#02010166

The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful caids of the berber trib...
The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful  
caids of the berber tribe of Glaoua built many kasbahs 
in the mountains south of Marrakesh.Telouet was the    
seat of Si Thami al-Glaoui(died 1956),a power-broker   
between the French and the sultans.Marble stucco.

#02010167

The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful caids of the berber trib...
The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful  
caids of the berber tribe of Glaoua built many kasbahs 
in the mountains south of Marrakesh.Telouet was the    
seat of Si Thami al-Glaoui(died 1956),a power-broker   
between the French and the sultans.The courtyard.

#02010168

The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful caids of the berber trib...
The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful  
caids of the berber tribe of Glaoua built many kasbahs 
in the mountains south of Marrakesh.Telouet was the    
seat of Si Thami al-Glaoui(died 1956),a power-broker   
in Moroccan politics.Marble stucco on a vault.

#02010169

The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful caids of the berber trib...
The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful  
caids of the berber tribe of Glaoua built many kasbahs 
in the mountains south of Marrakesh.Telouet was the    
seat of Si Thami al-Glaoui(died 1956),a power-broker   
in Moroccan politics. Ornate column with marble stucco.

#02010170

The kasbah (fortress)of Telouet, Morocco.The powerful caids of the berber trib...
Qasr el-Halabat, one of the desert-palaces of the      
Omayyad Aristocracy of the 8th century.The palaces,    
with elaborate watering systems,were used for hunting, 
and for drinking parties with dancing girls,a behaviour
not tolerated in strictly Muslim cities like Damascus.

#02010228

Qasr el-Halabat, one of the desert-palaces of the Omayyad Aristocracy of t...
Qasr el-Halabat, one of the desert-palaces of the    
Omayyad Aristocracy of the 8th century.The palaces, with 
elaborate watering systems,were used for hunting excursions,
and for drinking parties with dancing girls,a behaviour
not tolerated in strictly Muslim cities like Damascus.

#02010229

Qasr el-Halabat, one of the desert-palaces of the Omayyad Aristocracy of th...
Qasr el-Halabat, one of the desert-palaces of the      
Omayyad Aristocracy of the 8th century.The palaces,    
with elaborate watering systems,were used for hunting, 
and for drinking parties with dancing girls,a behaviour
not tolerated in strictly Muslim cities like Damascus.

#02010230

Qasr el-Halabat, one of the desert-palaces of the Omayyad Aristocracy of t...
Qasr el-Halabat, one of the desert-palaces of the      
Omayyad Aristocracy of the 8th century.The palaces,    
with elaborate watering systems,were used for hunting, 
and for drinking parties with dancing girls,a behaviour
not tolerated in strictly Muslim cities like Damascus.

#02010231

Qasr el-Halabat, one of the desert-palaces of the Omayyad Aristocracy of t...
Qasr el-Azrak,one of the desert-palaces of the Omayyad 
Aristocracy of the 8th century.The palaces,with        
elaborate watering systems,were used for hunting,      
and for drinking parties with dancing girls,a behaviour
not tolerated in strictly Muslim cities like Damascus.

#02010232

Qasr el-Azrak,one of the desert-palaces of the Omayyad Aristocracy of the 8th c...
Qasr el-Azrak,one of the desert-palaces of the Omayyad 
Aristocracy of the 8th century.The palaces,with        
elaborate watering systems,were used for hunting,      
and for drinking parties with dancing girls,a behaviour
not tolerated in strictly Muslim cities like Damascus.

#02010233

Qasr el-Azrak,one of the desert-palaces of the Omayyad Aristocracy of the 8th c...
The desert palace of Qasr el-Karaneh with its          
fortress-like walls differs from the other country     
seats. Its use and builders are still unknown.

#02010234

The desert palace of Qasr el-Karaneh with its fortress-like walls diff...
Apart from the desert palaces, some small bathing      
establishments remain, more intimate buildings         
for bathing,drinking and entertainment by dancing      
girls,but all with an audience hall in a separate      
building. Hammam es-Sarakh near Qasr el-Halabat.

#02010235

Apart from the desert palaces, some small bathing establishments remain, m...
Apart from the desert palaces, some small bathing      
establishments remain, more intimate buildings         
for bathing,drinking and entertainment by dancing      
girls,but all with an audience hall in a separate      
building. Qusair Amra bathing establishment.

#02010236

Apart from the desert palaces, some small bathing establishments remain, m...
View of Samarkand.

#02010238

View of Samarkand.
Gur-e Amir mausoleum,the tomb of Timur,1405

#02010239

Gur-e Amir mausoleum,the tomb of Timur,1405
Madrasah on Registan Square,Samarkand,Uzbekistan.

#02010240

Madrasah on Registan Square,Samarkand,Uzbekistan.
The "Golden School" on Rigestan Square,Samarkand,      
Uzbekistan.

#02010241

The "Golden School" on Rigestan Square,Samarkand, Uzbekistan.
Turkish mosque in Vidin,Bulgaria.

#02010243

Turkish mosque in Vidin,Bulgaria.
The minaret of the Koutoubia-mosque,also called the
Mosque of the Booksellers,because books were sold in
stalls around the mosque.Sultan Yacoub-el-Mansour
(1184-1199) built the 70 m-high minaret in Marrakech;
in Sevilla,Spain,he built a similar minaret,the "Giralda".

#02010246

The minaret of the Koutoubia-mosque,also called the Mosque of the Booksellers,b...
The minaret of the Koutoubia-mosque,also called the
Mosque of the Booksellers,because books were sold in
stalls around the mosque.Sultan Yacoub-el-Mansour
(1184-1199) built the 70 m-high minaret in Marrakech;
in Sevilla,Spain,he built a similar minaret,the "Giralda".

#02010247

The minaret of the Koutoubia-mosque,also called the Mosque of the Booksellers,b...
The minaret of the Koutoubia-mosque,also called the
Mosque of the Booksellers,because books were sold in
stalls around the mosque.Sultan Yacoub-el-Mansour
(1184-1199) built the 70 m-high minaret in Marrakech;
in Sevilla,Spain,he built a similar minaret,the "Giralda".

#02010248

The minaret of the Koutoubia-mosque,also called the Mosque of the Booksellers,b...
Mosque al-Ahzar,foremost center of theology in Islam   
and, with Moroccan Fes, the world's oldest university, 
begun 970 CE. The west facade with Barbers' Gate.

#02010249

Mosque al-Ahzar,foremost center of theology in Islam and, with Moroccan Fes,...
Mosque al-Ahzar,foremost center of theology in Islam   
and, with Moroccan Fes, the world's oldest university, 
begun 970 CE. The central court of the Fatimid period  
(969-1171).

#02010250

Mosque al-Ahzar,foremost center of theology in Islam and, with Moroccan Fes,...
Mosque al-Ahzar,foremost center of theology in Islam   
and, with Moroccan Fes, the world's oldest university, 
begun 970 CE. The central court of the Fatimid period  
(969-1171).

#02010251

Mosque al-Ahzar,foremost center of theology in Islam and, with Moroccan Fes,...
Mosque al-Ahzar,foremost center of theology in Islam   
and, with Moroccan Fes, the world's oldest university, 
begun 970 CE. Cupola and minarets seen from the        
Fatimid courtyard. (969-1171).

#02010252

Mosque al-Ahzar,foremost center of theology in Islam and, with Moroccan Fes,...
Mosque al-Ahzar,foremost center of theology in Islam   
and, with Moroccan Fes, the world's oldest university, 
begun 970 CE. The central courtyard of the Fatimid     
period (969-1171).

#02010253

Mosque al-Ahzar,foremost center of theology in Islam and, with Moroccan Fes,...
Mosque al-Ahzar,foremost center of theology in Islam   
and, with Moroccan Fes, the world's oldest university, 
begun 970 CE. Prayer hall and mihrab,the niche marking 
the East, towards which prayers are directed.(969-1171)

#02010254

Mosque al-Ahzar,foremost center of theology in Islam and, with Moroccan Fes,...
Courtyard of the Great Mosque of Kairouan (Qayrawan),  
Tunisia. Founded by Prince Ziyadat Allah in 836;       
Minaret 836; courtyard and arcades 862-75. The square  
minaret with three floors is a precursor of the        
Kutubia in Marrakesh and the Giralda in Sevilla.

#02010259

Courtyard of the Great Mosque of Kairouan (Qayrawan), Tunisia. Founded by Prin...
Courtyard of the Great Mosque of Kairouan (Qayrawan),  
Tunisia. Founded by Prince Ziyadat Allah in 836;       
Minaret 836; courtyard and arcades 862-75. The square  
minaret with three floors is a precursor of the        
Kutubia in Marrakesh and the Giralda in Sevilla.

#02010260

Courtyard of the Great Mosque of Kairouan (Qayrawan), Tunisia. Founded by Prin...
Courtyard of the Great Mosque of Kairouan (Qayrawan),  
Tunisia. 862-875

#02010261

Courtyard of the Great Mosque of Kairouan (Qayrawan), Tunisia. 862-875
Arcades of the Great Mosque of Kairouan (Qayrawan),    
Tunisia. Antique columns re-used, as in most early     
mosques. 862-875

#02010262

Arcades of the Great Mosque of Kairouan (Qayrawan), Tunisia. Antique columns...
Interior of the Great Mosque of Kairouan (Qayrawan),   
Tunisia. Chandeliers, mihrab (prayer niche) and        
minbar (pulpit). 862-875

#02010263

Interior of the Great Mosque of Kairouan (Qayrawan), Tunisia. Chandeliers, mi...
The Ribat (fortress) of Sousse, Tunisia, formed        
part of a chain of costal fortresses erected against   
the attacks of the Christians. Built towards the end   
of the 8th century for a garrison of fifty; 30 x 30 m, 
three round towers, one higher watch-tower.

#02010267

The Ribat (fortress) of Sousse, Tunisia, formed part of a chain of costa...
The Ribat (fortress) of Sousse, Tunisia, one of a      
chain of costal fortresses erected against the attacks 
of the Christians. Built towards the end of the 8th    
century for a garrison of fifty; 30 x 30 m, three      
round towers, one higher watch-tower.

#02010268

The Ribat (fortress) of Sousse, Tunisia, one of a chain of costal fortress...
Gate to the Ribat (fortress) of Sousse, Tunisia.       
One of a chain of costal fortresses erected against    
the attacks of the Christians. Built towards the end   
of the 8th century for a garrison of fifty; 30 x 30 m, 
three round towers, one higher watch-tower.

#02010269

Gate to the Ribat (fortress) of Sousse, Tunisia. One of a chain of costal...
Interior courtyard of the Ribat (fortress) of Sousse.  
Guard halls and living quarters for the garrison of    
fifty opened into this yard. Built towards the end     
of the 8th century, 30 x 30 m.

#02010270

Interior courtyard of the Ribat (fortress) of Sousse. Guard halls and living q...
North portal of the Baouit-chapel.
Carved stone, Corinthian capitals.
The lintel is acacia-,tamarisk- and fig-wood.
H:250 cm
E 16985

#03010252

North portal of the Baouit-chapel. Carved stone, Corinthian capitals. The lint...
North portal of the Baouit-chapel.
Carved stone, Corinthian capitals.
The lintel is acacia-,tamarisk- and fig-wood.
H:250 cm          E 16985
Detail of 08-01-22/33

#03010253

North portal of the Baouit-chapel. Carved stone, Corinthian capitals. The lint...